Advertisement

Instinct and Drive in Darwin and Freud, Contemporary Psychoanalysis and Biology

  • Raul Moncayo
Chapter
Part of the The Palgrave Lacan Series book series (PALS)

Abstract

This chapter explores the current relationship between Darwin and Freud particularly since nowadays Darwinian principles play a greater role in biology than ever before. Darwin’s theory of natural selection lacked an adequate account of inheritance and thus once genetic mechanisms were identified (following Mandel’s work), evolutionary genetics became a central part of biology. However, the dangers of the synthesis between Darwinian ideas and genetics is the temptation to reduce cultural phenomena to biological and physical principles. This chapter argues that it is precisely psychoanalysis that needs to be used by the social sciences and the humanities to understand Culture in Symbolic terms that cannot be reduced to biology and yet can interact with the biological determinants of instinct and inheritance in human beings.

References

  1. Darwin, C. (1859). Chapter VII: Instinct. In On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. New York: D. Appleton and Company.Google Scholar
  2. Dawkins, R. (1976). The Selfish Gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Freud, S. (1905). Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. SE, 7, 125–245.Google Scholar
  4. Freud, S. (1913). Totem and Taboo. SE, 13, 1–161.Google Scholar
  5. Freud, S. (1915). Instincts and Their Vicissitudes. SE, 14, 111–140.Google Scholar
  6. Freud, S. (1917). Mourning and Melancholia. SE, 14, 239–258.Google Scholar
  7. Freud, S. (1921). Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego. New York: Norton & Company, 1959.Google Scholar
  8. Geertz, C. (1973). The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  9. Hobbes, T. (1994 [1668]). Leviathan. Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  10. Lacan, J. (1992 [1959–1960]). The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book VII: The Ethics of Psychoanalysis (D. Porter, Trans.). New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  11. Lamarck, J. B. (1914 [1809]). Zoological Philosophy. London: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Laplanche, J. B., & Pontalis, J. B. (2004 [1967]). Diccionario de Psicoanalisis. Buenos Aires: Paidos.Google Scholar
  13. Levy-Strauss, C. (1969 [1949]). The Elementary Structures of Kinship. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  14. MacNeill, A. (2009). The Complete Works of Charles Darwin Online. Darwin-online.org. Accessed 29 Aug 2017.
  15. Rose, H., & Rose, S. (2010). Darwin and After. New Left Review, 63, 91–113.Google Scholar
  16. Weismann, A. (1889). Essays Upon Heredity. London: Oxford Clarendon Press (Full online text available).Google Scholar
  17. Zihlman, A. (2012). The Real Females of Human Evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology, 21, 270–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raul Moncayo
    • 1
  1. 1.BerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations