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Epimedium elatum (Morr & Decne): A Therapeutic Medicinal Plant from Northwestern Himalayas of India

  • Sajad Ahmad Lone
  • Ajai Prakash Gupta
  • Malik Muzafar Manzoor
  • Pooja Goyal
  • Qazi Pervaiz Hassan
  • Suphla Gupta
Chapter

Abstract

Epimedium is a genus of perennial herbs in family Berberidaceae, which are eminent in Chinese ethno-pharmacology due to varied pharmaceutical properties ranging from aphrodisiac, anti-osteoporosis, anticancer, antioxidant, anti-fatigue and anti-ageing to antiviral activities. The biological activities of the plant are attributed to four major chemical constituents—icariin, epimedin A, epimedin B and Epimedium C (ABCI). Epimedium elatum (Morr & Decne), inhabiting Northwestern Himalayas of India, is a unique and rare perennial medicinal herb which has not been researched and exploited much in terms of phytochemistry and molecular aspects.

In this review, we have summarised phytochemical and molecular work that has been published so far in Epimedium in general and E. elatum in particular. The main aim behind compiling this chapter is to highlight the medicinal potential of E. elatum as one of the source for Herba Epimedii in coming decades. This is also an attempt to draw attention of researchers and stakeholders towards this unexploited medicinal plant.

Keywords

E. elatum ABCI multiglycosides Kashmir Himalayas Phenotypic plasticity 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sajad Ahmad Lone
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ajai Prakash Gupta
    • 2
    • 3
  • Malik Muzafar Manzoor
    • 1
  • Pooja Goyal
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qazi Pervaiz Hassan
    • 2
    • 4
  • Suphla Gupta
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Plant Biotechnology DivisionCSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative MedicineJammuIndia
  2. 2.Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR)New DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Quality Control and Quality Assurance DivisionCSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative MedicineJammuIndia
  4. 4.Plant Biotechnology DivisionCSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative MedicineSrinagarIndia

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