Ethno-ecology, Human Health and Plants of the Thandiani Sub Forest Division, Abbottabad, KP, Pakistan

  • Waqas Khan
  • Shujaul Mulk Khan
  • Habib Ahmad


The complicated link between biodiversity and traditional knowledge have really firm foundations of human experiences and contributions over the long journeys of cultural evolutions. Study of the composite relations between human cultures, food, and their situation that we define here as ethnobiology which currently used to support especially for development of food safety and security food. The Thandiani Sub Forest Division (TsFD) provides number of ecosystem services for example, food, medicines, shelters, fodders animals/ethno-veterinary medicines, and bio-cultural connections in terms of cultural services. Present study focuses on 47 out of 202 plant species which are of high medicinal values in the studied region. These 47 species have rare occurance in the region while and were therefore, mainly focused for documentation in this chapter. Disappearance of these species due to any reason may cause depletion of the traditional knowledge related to these species. Conservation priority must be given to these plants based upon their rarity in the region. These plants are also used in the local trade and hence play a vital role in the socioeconomics of the local communities.


Biodiversity Traditional knowledge  Human health Bio-cultural connections Folk classification 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Waqas Khan
    • 1
  • Shujaul Mulk Khan
    • 2
    • 3
  • Habib Ahmad
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BotanyPost Graduate College AbbottabadAbbottabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Plant SciencesQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  3. 3.Islamia College UniversityPeshawarPakistan

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