Advertisement

Organizations in Transformation: Agility as Consequence or Prerequisite of Digitization?

  • Dominic Lindner
  • Christian Leyh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 320)

Abstract

With the aim of meeting new technological and social requirements, nearly all companies are facing the so-called digital transformation. A starting point to respond to the changing demands is to improve the company’s ability to operate flexibly and, thus, increase its agility. Thereby, with this paper, we contribute to the ongoing discussion on changing corporate organizational structures. We used a three-stage study design to provide insights on the question of whether agility is a prerequisite or a consequence of the digital transformation. In addition to a literature analysis, we present the results of focus group interviews with managers of selected enterprises.

Keywords

Digital transformation Digitalization Digitization Agility Corporate organizational structures 

References

  1. 1.
    Bajer, J.: Digital transformation needs the human touch. Strateg. HR Rev. 16, 91–92 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mathrani, S., Mathrani, A., Viehland, D.: Using enterprise systems to realize digital business strategies. J. Enterp. Inf. Manag. 26, 363–386 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bley, K., Leyh, C., Schäffer, T.: Digitization of German enterprises in the production sector – do they know how “digitized” they are? In: Proceedings of the 22nd Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2016 (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ludwig, T., Kotthaus, C., Stein, M., Durt, H., Kurz, C., Wenz, J., Doublet, T., Becker, M., Pipek, V., Wulf, V.: Arbeiten im mittelstand 4.0 – KMU im spannungsfeld des digitalen wandels. HMD Prax. Wirtsch. 53, 71–86 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Urbach, N., Ahlemann, F.: Der Wissensarbeitsplatz der Zukunft: Trends, Herausforderungen und Implikationen für das strategische IT-Management. HMD Prax. Wirtsch. 53, 16–28 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    European Union: Commission Recommendation of 6th May 2003 concerning the definition of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. Off. J. Eur. Union 20th May 2003. (2003/361/EC), pp. 36–41 (2003)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lindner, D., Ludwig, T., Amberg, M.: Arbeit 4.0 – Konzepte für eine neue Arbeitsgestaltung in KMU. HMD Praxis Der Wirtschaftsinformatik 6(1), 17 (2018)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Arbussa, A., Bikfalvi, A., Marquès, P.: Strategic agility-driven business model renewal: the case of an SME. Manag. Decis. 55, 271–293 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Branicki, L.J., Sullivan-Taylor, B., Livschitz, S.R.: How entrepreneurial resilience generates resilient SMEs. Int. J. Entrep. Behav. Res. (2017)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lindner, D., Ott, M., Leyh, C.: Der digitale Arbeitsplatz – KMU zwischen Tradition und Wandel. HMD Prax. Wirtsch. 54, 900–916 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Denning, S.: The next frontier for agile: strategic management. Strategy Leadersh. 45, 12–18 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Beaumont, M., Thuriaux-Alemán, B., Prasad, P., Hatton, C.: Using agile approaches for breakthrough product innovation. Strategy Leadersh. 45, 19–25 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Petry, T.: Digital Leadership: Erfolgreiches Führen in Zeiten der Digital Economy. Haufe Gruppe, Freiburg München Stuttgart (2016)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Martensen, M., Ryschka, S., Blesik, T., Bick, M.: Collaboration in the consulting industry: analyzing differences in the professional use of social software. Bus. Process Manag. J. 22, 693–711 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Schrauzer, S.: Computerisierung in der globalen softwareentwicklung – Eine arbeitsmethodische betrachtung. HMD Prax. Wirtsch. 53, 42–54 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fettke, P.: State-of-the-art des state-of-the-art: eine untersuchung der forschungsmethode “Review” innerhalb der Wirtschaftsinformatik. Wirtschaftsinformatik 48, (2006)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mayring, P.: Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse. In: Mey, G., Mruck, K. (eds.) Handbuch Qualitative Forschung in der Psychologie, pp. 601–613. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Krueger, R.A., Casey, M.A.: Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Applied Research. Sage, Thousand Oaks (2015)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Greenbaum, T.L.: The Handbook for Focus Group Research. Sage, Thousand Oaks (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wilde, T., Hess, T.: Methodenspektrum der Wirtschaftsinformatik: Überblick und Portfoliobildung. Institut für Wirtschaftsinformatik und Neue Medien der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (2006)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Schütte, R.: Grundsätze ordnungsmäßiger Referenzmodellierung. Gabler Verlag, Wiesbaden (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Termer, F.: Determinanten der IT-Agilität: Theoretische Konzeption, empirische Analyse und Implikationen. Springer Fachmedien, Wiesbaden (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Bair, J.H.: Personal computers and the office of the future. Telemat. Inform. 2, 113–117 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Noonan, M., Richter, G., Durham, L., Pierce, E.: Learning and the digital workplace: what? so what? now what? Strateg. HR Rev. 16, 267–273 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gastaldi, L., Corso, M., Raguseo, E., Neirotti, P., Paolucci, E., Martini, A.: Smart working: rethinking work practices to leverage employees’ innovation potential. In: Proceedings of the 15th International CINet Conference (2014)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Arnold, H.: Digitalisierung der Unternehmensführung: Fallstudie und Plädoyer für mehr Mut in einer flachen Führung und Organisation. Z. Führ. Organ. ZfO. 85, 330–336 (2016)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Jovanović, M., Mesquida, A.-L., Mas, A., Lalić, B.: Towards the development of a sequential framework for agile adoption. In: Mas, A., Mesquida, A., O’Connor, Rory V., Rout, T., Dorling, A. (eds.) SPICE 2017. CCIS, vol. 770, pp. 30–42. Springer, Cham (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67383-7_3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hackl, B., Wagner, M., Attmer, L., Baumann, D.: New Work: Auf dem Weg zur neuen Arbeitswelt. Springer Fachmedien, Wiesbaden (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    O’Connor, C., Kelly, S.: Facilitating knowledge management through filtered big data: SME competitiveness in an agri-food sector. J. Knowl. Manag. 21, 156–179 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Essers, M.S., Vaneker, T.H.J.: Design of a decentralized modular architecture for flexible and extensible production systems. Mechatronics 34, 160–169 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ng, H.S., Kee, D.M.H.: Entrepreneurial SMEs surviving in the era of globalisation: critical success factors. In: Sindakis, S., Theodorou, P. (eds.) Global Opportunities for Entrepreneurial Growth: Coopetition and Knowledge Dynamics within and across Firms, pp. 75–90. Emerald Publishing Limited (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Robertson, B.J.: Holacracy: The New Management System for a Rapidly Changing World. Macmillan Publishers, New York (2015)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Gloger, B.: Scrum: Produkte zuverlässig und schnell entwickeln. Hanser, München (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chair of IT ManagementFriedrich Alexander Universität Erlangen-NürnbergNurembergGermany
  2. 2.Chair of Information Systems, ESP IS in Manufacturing and CommerceTechnische Universität DresdenDresdenGermany

Personalised recommendations