The Kinetic Theory of Gases
As stated previously classical thermodynamics is very much a mathematical discipline. Given that the defining equations are known, the theory is developed around multivariable calculus. The theory is actually quite elegant, but it does not predict how to estimate or calculate the fundamental quantities or the properties that characterize them. For this, a transition to statistical thermodynamics is required. Statistical thermodynamics starts with the kinetic theory of gases and treats fluids as made up of large assemblages of atoms or molecules. It can be a very detailed and extensive theory that extends well beyond the subjects of interest to this text. However, a smattering of statistical thermodynamics, including the kinetic theory of gases, will be useful for understanding a number of classical thermodynamics phenomena. A brief sojourn into the kinetic theory of gases is useful.
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