Work and Heat

  • Bahman Zohuri
  • Patrick McDaniel


This chapter deals with two quantities that affect the thermal energy stored in a system. Work and heat represent the transfer of energy to or from a system, but they are not in any way stored in the system. They represent energy in transition and must carefully be defined to quantify their effect on the thermal energy stored in a system. Once they are quantified, they can be related to the conservation of energy principle known as the first law of thermodynamics.

Supplementary material


  1. 1.
    M.W. Zemansky, R.H. Dittman, Heat and Thermodynamic, 7th edn. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1997)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M.C. Potter, C.W. Somerton, Thermodynamics for Engineers, Schuam’s Outlines Series, 2nd edn. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P.K. Nag, Basic and Applied Thermodynamics, 2nd edn. (Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bahman Zohuri
    • 1
  • Patrick McDaniel
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Galaxy Advanced Engineering, Inc.University of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Nuclear EngineeringUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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