Advertisement

Appropriating the Ottoman Past in Three Novels: Greek-Turkish Friendship, Nostalgia, and Religious Coexistence

  • Trine Stauning Willert
Chapter
Part of the Modernity, Memory and Identity in South-East Europe book series (MOMEIDSEE)

Abstract

Chapter  6 analyses three Greek historical novels published in 2004, 2005, and 2008, all of which deal with Greece’s Ottoman legacy in ways that challenge hitherto prevalent perceptions of this legacy. The chapter highlights the novels’ use of non-Greek protagonists as a means to develop a less ethnocentric historical consciousness yet without losing the devotion to Greek language and culture. The novels adopt nostalgia and friendship as literary tropes to create emotional engagement and cultural intimacy with a side of the Greek past that has been hitherto ignored or denounced. As the plots are all set in the late Ottoman period, modernization, Europeanization, and nationalism play a central role and point to evaluations of the contemporary epoch.

References

  1. Argyrou, Vassos. 2006. How Greeks Think: About Turks for Example. South European Society and Politics 11 (1): 33–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Axiotis, Diamandis. 1999. Το ελάχιστον της ζωής του [The Least Measure of His Life]. Athens: Kedros.Google Scholar
  3. Baskozos, Yannis. 2012. Ιστορικό Μυθιστόρημα [Historical Novel]. To Vima, 14 October. Accessed 7 April 2017. http://www.tovima.gr/opinions/article/?aid=479156.
  4. Calotychos, Vangelis. 2013. The Balkan Prospect: Identity, Culture, and Politics in Greece after 1989. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Christopoulos, Vasileios. 2005. Κι εσύ Έλληνας, ρε; [Are You Greek, Too?]. Athens: Kedros.Google Scholar
  6. Deftos, Thodoris. 2008. Σμύρνη, συγγνώμη [Smyrna, I’m Sorry]. Athens: Okeanos.Google Scholar
  7. ———. 2015. Τραπεζούντα: Το διαμάντι της Ανατολής [Trabzon: The Diamond of the East]. Athens: Okeanos.Google Scholar
  8. ———. 2016. Είμαι πολίτισσα, τζάνουμ! [I Am a Lady from Constantinople!]. Athens: Okeanos.Google Scholar
  9. Douka, Maro. 2004. Αθώοι και φταίχτες [Innocent and Guilty]. Athens: Kedros.Google Scholar
  10. Doumanis, Nicholas. 2013. Before the Nation: Muslim-Christian Coexistence and Its Destruction in Late Ottoman Anatolia. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Fakinos, Aris. 1998. Το όνειρο του πρωτομάστορα Νικήτα [The Dream of Master-Builder Nikitas]. Athens: Kastaniotis.Google Scholar
  12. Fermor, Patrick Leigh. 1966. Roumeli: Travels in Northern Greece. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
  13. Galanaki, Rea. 1989. Ο Βίος του Ισμαήλ Φερίκ Πασά: Spina nel cuore [The Life of Ismail Ferik Pasha: Spina Nel Cuore]. Athens: Kastaniotis.Google Scholar
  14. Greene, Molly. 2015a. The Edinburgh History of the Greeks, 1453 to 1768: The Ottoman Empire. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Grigoriadis, Theodoros. 1998. Τα νερά της χερσονήσου [The Waters of the Peninsula]. Athens: Kedros.Google Scholar
  16. Gunes, Cengiz. 2012. The Kurdish National Movement in Turkey: From Protest to Resistance. Abingdon and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Heraclides, Alexis. 2010. The Greek-Turkish Conflict in the Aegean: Imagined Enemies. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Herzfeld, Michael. 1997. Cultural Intimacy: Social Poetics in the Nation-State. New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Jusdanis, Gregory. 2014. A Tremendous Thing: Friendship from the Iliad to the Internet. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Kakouri, Athina. 2005. Thekli: Audietur et altere pars. Athens: Estia.Google Scholar
  21. Kalpouzos, Yannis. 2008. Ιμαρέτ: Στη σκιά του ρολογιού [Imaret: In the Shadow of the Clock Tower]. Athens: Metechmio.Google Scholar
  22. Karakatsanis, Leonidas. 2014. Turkish-Greek Relations: Rapprochement, Civil Society and the Politics of Friendship. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kitsikis, Dimitris. 1981. Ιστορία του ελληνοτουρκικού χώρου (1928–1973) [History of the Greek-Turkish Space (1928–1973)]. Athens: Estia.Google Scholar
  24. Kosmas, Konstantinos. 2002. Μετά την Ιστορία: Ιστορία, ιστορικό μυθιστόρημα και εθνικές αφηγήσεις στο τέλος του εικοστού αιώνα [After History: History, Historical Novel and National Narratives at the End of the Twentieth Century]. Unpublished PhD diss., Freie Universität Berlin. http://www.diss.fu-berlin.de/diss/receive/FUDISS_thesis_000000001336.
  25. Liakos, Antonis. 1998. Η ιδεολογία των “χαμένων πατρίδων” [The Ideology of “Lost Homelands”]. To Vima, 13 September.Google Scholar
  26. Mackridge, Peter. 2003. The Myth of Asia Minor in Greek Fiction. In Crossing the Aegean: An Appraisal of the 1923 Compulsory Population Exchange between Greece and Turkey, ed. R. Hirschon, 235–245. New York: Berghahn Books.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. ———. 2014. Introduction. In Thracian Tales, ed. Georgios Vizyenos and trans. Peter Mackridge. Athens: Aiora Press.Google Scholar
  28. Millas, Hercules. 2001. Εικόνες Ελλήνων και Τούρκων. Σχολικά βιβλία, ιστοριογραφία, λογοτεχνία και εθνικά στερεότυπα [Images of Greeks and Turks. School Textbooks, Historiography, Literature and National Stereotypes]. Athens: Alexandreia.Google Scholar
  29. Mourelos, Giannis. 1982. Η έξοδος: μαρτυρίες από τις επαρχίες της κεντρικής και νότιας Μικρασίας [The Exodus: Testimonies from the Regions of Central and Southern Asia Minor]. Athens: Center for Asia Minor Studies.Google Scholar
  30. Repousi, Maria, H. Andreadou, A. Poutahidis, and A. Tsivas. 2006. Ιστορίας της Στ’ Δημοτικού: Στα νεότερα και σύγχρονα χρόνια [History for 6th Grade: In Modern and Contemporary Times]. Athens: Organismos Ekdoseos Didaktikon Vivlion.Google Scholar
  31. Sjöberg, Erik. 2017. The Making of the Greek Genocide: Contested Memories of the Ottoman Greek Catastrophe. New York: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
  32. SKAI. 2010. 1821. Documentary. Accessed 12 December 2017. http://www.skai.gr/player/TV/?mmid=212286.
  33. Skambardonis, Georgios. 2001. Ουζερί Τσιτσάνης [Ouzeri Tsitsanis]. Athens: Kedros.Google Scholar
  34. Themelis, Nikos. 2008. Η αλήθειες των άλλων [The Others’ Truths]. Athens: Kedros.Google Scholar
  35. Uluengin, Mehmet B. 2010. Secularizing Anatolia Tick by Tick: Clock Towers in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic. International Journal of Middle East Studies 42 (1): 17–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Venezis, Elias. 2006 [1943]. Αιολική Γη [Aeolian Earth]. Athens: Estia.Google Scholar
  37. Vizyenos, Georgios. 2014. Thracian Tales. Translated by Peter Mackridge. Athens: Aiora Press.Google Scholar
  38. Willert, Trine S. 2014. New Voices in Greek Orthodox Thought: Untying the Bond between Nation and Religion. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  39. ———. 2018. “Everything Has its Place in God’s Imaret”: Nostalgic Visions of Coexistence in Contemporary Greek Historical Fiction. In Nostalgia, Loss and Creativity in South-East Europe: Political and Cultural Representations of the Past, ed. Catharina Raudvere. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  40. Zourgos, Isidoros. 2005. Στη Σκιά της πεταλούδας [In the Butterfly’s Shadow]. Athens: Patakis.Google Scholar
  41. ———. 2008. Αηδονόπιτα [Nightingale Pie]. Athens: Patakis.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Trine Stauning Willert
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Byzantine, Ottoman and Modern Greek StudiesUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK

Personalised recommendations