Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Studies of Glass

  • Josef W. ZwanzigerEmail author
  • Ulrike Werner-Zwanziger
  • Courtney Calahoo
  • Alexander L. Paterson
Part of the Springer Handbooks book series (SHB)


Nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic resonance ( and respectively) are powerful experimental probes of the atomic-scale structure of glass. This chapter provides a practical introduction to the current state of the art of these methods in glass research, and is intended to provide researchers with the basic knowledge needed to apply and interpret the results of these methods. Topics covered include the basic physics of spin resonance experiments, necessary instrumentation and sample considerations, representative experimental results, and methods of interpretation.


  1. M. Affatigato: Modern Glass Characterization (Wiley, Hoboken 2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. A. Abragam: Principles of Nuclear Magnetism (Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford 1961)Google Scholar
  3. C.P. Slichter: Principles of Magnetic Resonance, 3rd edn. (Springer, New York 1989)Google Scholar
  4. K. Schmidt-Rohr, H.W. Spiess: Multidimensional NMR and Polymers (Academic, London 1994)Google Scholar
  5. A. Schweiger, G. Jeschke: Principles of Pulse Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford 2001)Google Scholar
  6. E.R. de Azevedo, T.J. Bonagamba: Molecular dynamics and local molecular conformation in solid materials studied by nuclear magnetic resonance, Braz. J. Phys. 36, 61–74 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. S.E. Ashbrook: Recent advances in solid-state NMR spectroscopy of quadrupolar nuclei, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 6892–6905 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. D.L. Griscom: Electron spin resonance. In: Glass: Science and Technology. Advances in Structural Analysis, Vol. 4B, ed. by D.R. Uhlmann, N.J. Kreidl (Academic, Boston 1990) pp. 151–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. E. Fukushima, S.B.W. Roeder: Experimental Pulse NMR: A Nuts and Bolts Approach (Addison-Wesley, Reading 1981)Google Scholar
  10. M.E. Smith, K.J.D. Mackenzie: Multinuclear Solid State NMR of Inorganic Materials, Pergamon Materials Series (Pergamon, Amsterdam 2002)Google Scholar
  11. J. Herzfeld, A.E. Berger: Sideband intensities in NMR spectra of samples spinning at the magic angle, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 6021–6030 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. W.T. Dixon: Spinning-sideband-free NMR spectra, J. Magn. Reson. 44, 220–223 (1981)Google Scholar
  13. W.T. Dixon: Spinning-sideband-free and spinning-sideband-only NMR spectra in spinning samples, J. Chem. Phys. 77, 1800–1809 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. D. Massiot, F. Fayon, M. Capron, I. King, S. Le Calvé, B. Alonso, J.-O. Durand, B. Bujoli, Z. Gan, G. Hoatson: Modelling one-and two-dimensional solid-state NMR spectra, Magn. Reson. Chem. 40, 70–76 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. U. Werner-Zwanziger, K.W. Chapman, J.W. Zwanziger: Multinuclear NMR study of zinc dicyanide, Z. Phys. Chem. 226, 1205–1218 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. S. Chenu, U. Werner-Zwanziger, C. Calahoo, J.W. Zwanziger: Structure and properties of NaPO3–ZnO–Nb2O5–Al2O3 glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358, 1795–1805 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. B. Langer, I. Schnell, H.W. Spiess, A.-R. Grimmer: Temperature calibration under ultrafast mas conditions, J. Magn. Reson. 138(1), 182–186 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. D. Massiot, C. Bessada, J.P. Coutures, F. Taulelle: A quantitative study of 27Al MAS NMR in crystalline YAG, J. Magn. Reson. 90, 231–242 (1990)Google Scholar
  19. M.E. Smith, E.R.H. van Eck: Recent advances in experimental solid state NMR methodology for half-integer spin quadrupolar nuclei, Prog. Nucl. Magn. Reson. Spectrosc. 34, 159–201 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. A. Samoson, E. Lippmaa: Excitation phenomena and line intensities in high-resolution NMR powder spectra of half-integer quadrupolar nuclei, Phys. Rev. B 28, 6567 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. F.M.M. Geurts, A.P.M. Kentgens, W.S. Veeman: 27Al nutation NMR of zeolites, Chem. Phys. Lett. 120, 206–210 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. A.P.M. Kentgens: A practical guide to solid-state NMR of half-integer quadrupolar nuclei with some applications to disordered systems, Geoderma 80, 271–306 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. E. Kupce, R. Freeman: Adiabatic pulses for wideband inversion and broadband decoupling, J. Magn. Reson., Ser. A 115, 273–276 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. D. Massiot, I. Farnan, N. Gautier, D. Trumeau, A. Trokiner, J.P. Coutures: 71Ga and 69Ga nuclear magnetic resonance study of \(\beta\)-Ga2O3: Resolution of four-and six-fold coordinated Ga sites in static conditions, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 4, 241–248 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. A. Medek, V. Frydman, L. Frydman: Central transition nuclear magnetic resonance in the presence of large quadrupole couplings: Cobalt-59 nuclear magnetic resonance of cobaltophthalocyanines, J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 4830–4835 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. R.R. Ernst, G. Bodenhausen, A. Wokaun: Principles of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in One- and Two-Dimensions (Clarendon, Oxford 1987)Google Scholar
  27. M. Emshwiller, E.L. Hahn, D. Kaplan: Pulsed nuclear resonance spectroscopy, Phys. Rev. 118, 414 (1960)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. A.C. Kunwar, G.L. Turner, E. Oldfield: Solid-state spin-echo fourier transform NMR of 39K and 67Zn salts at high field, J. Magn. Reson. 69, 124–127 (1986)Google Scholar
  29. H.Y. . Carr, E.M. Purcell: Effects of diffusion on free precession in nuclear magnetic resonance experiments, Phys. Rev. 94, 630 (1954)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. S. Meiboom, D. Gill: Modified spin-echo method for measuring nuclear relaxation times, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 29, 688–691 (1958)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. F.H. Larsen, H.J. Jakobsen, P.D. Ellis, N.C. Nielsen: Sensitivity-enhanced quadrupolar-echo NMR of half-integer quadrupolar nuclei. Magnitudes and relative orientation of chemical shielding and quadrupolar coupling tensors, J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 8597–8606 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. J.A. Tang, L.A. O’Dell, P.M. Aguiar, B.E.G. Lucier, D. Sakellariou, R.W. Schurko: Application of static microcoils and wurst pulses for solid-state ultra-wideline NMR spectroscopy of quadrupolar nuclei, Chem. Phys. Lett. 466, 227–234 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. L.A. O'Dell: The WURST kind of pulses in solid-state NMR, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 55, 28–41 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. L.A. O'Dell, R.W. Schurko: QCPMG using adiabatic pulses for faster acquisition of ultra-wideline NMR spectra, Chem. Phys. Lett. 464, 97–102 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. I. Hung, Z. Gan: On the practical aspects of recording wideline QCPMG NMR spectra, J. Magn. Reson. 204, 256–265 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. L.A. O'Dell, A.J. Rossini, R.W. Schurko: Acquisition of ultra-wideline NMR spectra from quadrupolar nuclei by frequency stepped WURST–QCPMG, Chem. Phys. Lett. 468, 330–335 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. P.-K. Wang, C.P. Slichter, J.H. Sinfelt: NMR study of the structure of simple molecules adsorbed on metal surfaces: C2H2 on Pt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 82 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. E.R.H. Van Eck, W.S. Veeman: The determination of the average 27Al-31P distance in aluminophosphate molecular sieves with SEDOR NMR, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 1, 1–4 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. T. Gullion, J. Schaefer: Rotational-echo double-resonance NMR, J. Magn. Reson. 81, 196–200 (1989)Google Scholar
  40. A.W. Hing, S. Vega, J. Schaefer: Measurement of heteronuclear dipolar coupling by transferred-echo double-resonance NMR, J. Magn. Reson., Ser. A 103, 151–162 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. C.P. Grey, A.J. Vega: Determination of the quadrupole coupling constant of the invisible aluminum spins in zeolite HY with 1H/27Al TRAPDOR NMR, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117, 8232–8242 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. T. Gullion: Measurement of dipolar interactions between spin-1/2 and quadrupolar nuclei by rotational-echo, adiabatic-passage, double-resonance NMR, Chem. Phys. Lett. 246, 325–330 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. H. Eckert, S. Elbers, J.D. Epping, M. Janssen, M. Kalwei, W. Strojek, U. Voigt: Dipolar solid state NMR approaches towards medium-range structure in oxide glasses. In: New Techniques in Solid-State NMR, ed. by J. Klinowski (Springer, Berlin 2005) pp. 195–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. J.G. Longstaffe, U. Werner-Zwanziger, J.F. Schneider, M.L.F. Nascimento, E.D. Zanotto, J.W. Zwanziger: Intermediate-range order of alkali disilicate glasses and its relation to the devitrification mechanism, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 6151–6159 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. S. Elbers, W. Strojek, L. Koudelka, H. Eckert: Site connectivities in silver borophosphate glasses: New results from 11B{31P} and 31P{11B} rotational echo double resonance NMR spectroscopy, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 27(1), 65–76 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. A. Pines, M.G. Gibby, J.S. Waugh: Proton-enhanced NMR of dilute spins in solids, J. Chem. Phys. 59, 569–590 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. C. Joo, U. Werner-Zwanziger, J.W. Zwanziger: The ring structure of boron trioxide glass, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 261, 282–286 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. L. Olivier, X. Yuan, A.N. Cormack, C. Jäger: Combined 29Si double quantum NMR and MD simulation studies of network connectivities of binary Na2O·SiO2 glasses: New prospects and problems, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 293, 53–66 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. L. van Wüllen, G. Tricot, S. Wegner: An advanced NMR protocol for the structural characterization of aluminophosphate glasses, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 32, 44–52 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. A.G. Redfield, S.D. Kunz: Quadrature Fourier NMR detection: Simple multiplex for dual detection and discussion, J. Magn. Reson. 19, 250–254 (1975)Google Scholar
  51. D.J. States, R.A. Haberkorn, D.J. Ruben: A two-dimensional nuclear overhauser experiment with pure absorption phase in four quadrants, J. Magn. Reson. 48, 286–292 (1982)Google Scholar
  52. L. Frydman, J.S. Harwood: Isotropic spectra of half-integer quadrupolar spins from bi-dimensional magic-angle spinning NMR, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117, 5367–5368 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. A. Medek, J.S. Harwood, L. Frydman: Multiple-quantum magic angle spinning NMR: A new method for the study of quadrupolar nuclei in solids, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117, 12779–12787 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Y. Millot, P.P. Man: Procedures for labelling the high-resolution axis of two-dimensional MQ-MAS NMR spectra of half-integer quadrupole spins, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 21, 21–43 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. J.-B. d'Espinose de Lacaillerie, C. Fretigny, D. Massiot: Mas NMR spectra of quadrupolar nuclei in disordered solids: The Czjzek model, J. Magn. Reson. 192, 244–251 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. G. Le Caër, B. Bureau, D. Massiot: An extension of the Czjzek model for the distributions of electric field gradients in disordered solids and an application to NMR spectra of 71Ga in chalcogenide glasses, J. Phys. 22, 065402 (2010)Google Scholar
  57. M. Feike, R. Graf, I. Schnell, C. Jäger, H.W. Spiess: Structure of crystalline phosphates from 31P double-quantum NMR spectroscopy, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 118, 9631–9634 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. M. Feike, D.E. Demco, R. Graf, J. Gottwald, S. Hafner, H.W. Spiess: Broadband multiple-quantum NMR spectroscopy, J. Magn. Reson., Ser. A 122, 214–221 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. D.K. Sodickson, M.H. Levitt, S. Vega, R.G. Griffin: Broad band dipolar recoupling in the nuclear magnetic resonance of rotating solids, J. Chem. Phys. 98, 6742–6748 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. M. Carravetta, M. Eden, X. Zhao, A. Brinkmann, M.H. Levitt: Symmetry principles for the design of radiofrequency pulse sequences in the nuclear magnetic resonance of rotating solids, Chem. Phys. Lett. 321, 205–215 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. A.E. Bennett, R.G. Griffin, S. Vega: Recoupling of homo-and heteronuclear dipolar interactions in rotating solids. In: Solid State NMR IV, NMR Basic Principles and Progress, Vol. 33 (Springer, Berlin 1994) pp. 1–77Google Scholar
  62. M. Hohwy, H.J. Jakobsen, M. Eden, M.H. Levitt, N.C. Nielsen: Broadband dipolar recoupling in the nuclear magnetic resonance of rotating solids: A compensated C7 pulse sequence, J. Chem. Phys. 108, 2686–2694 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. C. Schmidt, S. Wefing, B. Blümich, H.W. Spiess: Dynamics of molecular reorientations: Direct determination of rotational angles from two-dimensional NMR of powders, Chem. Phys. Lett. 130(1/2), 84–90 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. A.E. Bennett, C.M. Rienstra, J.M. Griffiths, W. Zhen, P.T. Lansbury Jr., R.G. Griffin: Homonuclear radio frequency-driven recoupling in rotating solids, J. Chem. Phys. 108, 9463–9479 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. C. Joo, U. Werner-Zwanziger, J.W. Zwanziger: Anisotropy-correlated spectroscopy of quadrupolar nuclei, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 16, 77–83 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. B.F. Chmelka, K.T. Mueller, A. Pines, J. Stebbins, Y. Wu, J.W. Zwanziger: Oxygen-17 NMR in solids by dynamic-angle spinning and double rotation, Nature 339, 42–43 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. R.E. Youngman, J.W. Zwanziger: Multiple boron sites in borate glass detected with dynamic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 168, 293–297 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. P.J. Grandinetti, J.H. Baltisberger, I. Farnan, J.F. Stebbins, U. Werner, A. Pines: Solid-state 17O magic-angle and dynamic-angle spinning NMR study of the SiO2 polymorph coesite, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 12341–12348 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. L. Frydman, G.C. Chingas, Y.K. Lee, P.J. Grandinetti, M.A. Eastman, G.A. Barrall, A. Pines: Variable-angle correlation spectroscopy in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance, J. Chem. Phys. 97, 4800–4808 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. A. Samoson, E. Lippmaa, A. Pines: High resolution solid-state NMR: Averaging of second-order effects by means of a double-rotor, Mol. Phys. 65, 1013–1018 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. R.E. Youngman, S.T. Haubrich, J.W. Zwanziger, M.T. Janicke, B.F. Chmelka: Short-and intermediate-range structural ordering in glassy boron oxide, Science 269, 1416–1420 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. I. Hung, A.P. Howes, B.G. Parkinson, T. Anupõld, A. Samoson, S.P. Brown, P.F. Harrison, D. Holland, R. Dupree: Determination of the bond-angle distribution in vitreous B2O3 by 11B double rotation (DOR) NMR spectroscopy, J. Sol. St. Chem. 182, 2402–2408 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. P. Zhang, P.J. Grandinetti, J.F. Stebbins: Anionic species determination in CaSiO3 glass using two-dimensional 29Si NMR, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 4004–4008 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. C.A. Fyfe, H. Grondey, K.T. Mueller, K.C. Wong-Moon, T. Markus: Coherence transfer involving quadrupolar nuclei in solids: 27Al↔31P cross-polarization NMR in the molecular sieve VPI-5, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 114, 5876–5878 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. K. Eichele: WSolids1 ver. 1.21.3 (Universität Tübingen, Tübingen 2015)Google Scholar
  76. F.A. Perras, C.M. Widdifield, D.L. Bryce: QUEST–QUadrupolar Exact SofTware: A fast graphical program for the exact simulation of NMR and NQR spectra for quadrupolar nuclei, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 45, 36–44 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. T.F. Kemp, M.E. Smith: QuadFit–A new cross-platform computer program for simulation of NMR line shapes from solids with distributions of interaction parameters, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 35, 243–252 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. M. Bak, J.T. Rasmussen, N.C. Nielsen: SIMPSON: A general simulation program for solid-state NMR spectroscopy, J. Magn. Reson. 147, 296–330 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G.L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A.D. Corso, S. de Gironcoli, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A.P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, R.M. Wentzcovitch: Quantum Espresso: A modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 395502 (2009)Google Scholar
  80. X. Gonze, B. Amadon, P.-M. Anglade, J.-M. Beuken, F. Bottin, P. Boulanger, F. Bruneval, D. Caliste, R. Caracas, M. Cote, T. Deutsch, L. Genovese, P. Ghosez, M. Giantomassi, S. Goedecker, D. Hamann, P. Hermet, F. Jollet, G. Jomard, S. Leroux, M. Mancini, S. Mazevet, M.J.T. Oliveira, G. Onida, Y. Pouillon, T. Rangel, G.-M. Rignanese, D. Sangalli, R. Shaltaf, M. Torrent, M. Verstraete, G. Zerah, J.W. Zwanziger: Abinit: First-principles approach to material and nanosystem properties, Comput. Phys. Commun. 180, 2582–2615 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. G. Kresse, D. Joubert: From ultrasoft pseudopotentials to the projector augmented-wave method, Phys. Rev. B 59, 1758–1775 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. R.P. Sangodkar, B.J. Smith, D. Gajan, A.J. Rossini, L.R. Roberts, G.P. Funkhouser, A. Lesage, L. Emsley, B.F. Chmelka: Influences of dilute organic adsorbates on the hydration of low-surface-area silicates, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137, 8096–8112 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. R. Dupree, R.F. Pettifer: Determination of the Si-O-Si bond angle distribution in vitreous silica by magic angle spinning NMR, Nature 308, 523–525 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. J.F. Stebbins: Identification of multiple structural species in silicate glasses by 29Si NMR, Nature 330, 465–467 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. H. Maekawa, T. Maekawa, K. Kawamura, T. Yokokawa: The structural groups of alkali silicate glasses determined from 29Si MAS-NMR, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 127, 53–64 (1991)Google Scholar
  86. X. Xue, M. Kanzaki, R.G. Trønnes, J.F. Stebbins: Silicon coordination and speciation changes in a silicate liquid at high pressures, Science 245, 962–964 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. R. Dupree, D. Holland, M.G. Mortuza, J.A. Collins, M.W.G. Lockyer: An MAS NMR study of network-cation coordination in phosphosilicate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 106, 403–407 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. L. Linati, G. Lusvardi, G. Malavasi, L. Menabue, M.C. Menziani, P. Mustarelli, A. Pedone, U. Segre: Medium-range order in phospho-silicate bioactive glasses: Insights from MAS-NMR spectra, chemical durability experiments and molecular dynamics simulations, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 84–89 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. M. Magi, E. Lippmaa, A. Samoson, G. Engelhardt, A.R. Grimmer: Solid-state high-resolution silicon-29 chemical shifts in silicates, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 1518–1522 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. E. Schneider, J.F. Stebbins, A. Pines: Speciation and local structure in alkali and alkaline earth silicate glasses: Constraints from 29Si NMR spectroscopy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 89, 371–383 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. C.I. Merzbacher, B.L. Sherriff, J.S. Hartman, W.B. White: A high-resolution 29Si and 27Al NMR study of alkaline earth aluminosilicate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 124, 194–206 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. W.J. Malfait, W.E. Halter, Y. Morizet, B.H. Meier, R. Verel: Structural control on bulk melt properties: Single and double quantum 29Si NMR spectroscopy on alkali-silicate glasses, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 71, 6002–6018 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. R. Oestrike: W.-Hong Yang, R.J. Kirkpatrick, R.L. Hervig, A. Navrotsky, B. Montez: High-resolution 23Na, 27Al and 29Si NMR spectroscopy of framework aluminosilicate glasses, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 51, 2199–2209 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. J.V. Smith, C.S. Blackwell: Nuclear magnetic resonance of silica polymorphs, Nature 303, 223–225 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. T. Charpentier, S. Ispas, M. Profeta, F. Mauri, C.J. Pickard: First-principles calculation of 17O, 29Si, and 23Na NMR spectra of sodium silicate crystals and glasses, J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 4147–4161 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. F. Mauri, A. Pasquarello, B.G. Pfrommer, Y.-G. Yoon, S.G. Louie: Si-O-Si bond-angle distribution in vitreous silica from first-principles 29Si NMR analysis, Phys. Rev. B 62, R4786 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. S.K. Lee, J.F. Stebbins: The degree of aluminum avoidance in aluminosilicate glasses, Am. Mineral. 84, 937–945 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. S.W. Martin, D. Bain, K. Budhwani, S. Feller: 29Si MAS-NMR study of the short-range order in lithium borosilicate glasses, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 75, 1117–1122 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. J.W. MacKenzie, A. Bhatnagar, D. Bain, S. Bhowmik, C. Parameswar, K. Budhwani, S.A. Feller, M.L. Royle, S.W. Martin: 29Si MAS-NMR study of the short range order in alkali borosilicate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 177, 269–276 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. J.F. Emerson, P.E. Stallworth, P.J. Bray: High-field 29Si NMR studies of alkali silicate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 113, 253–259 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. J.F. Stebbins: Effects of temperature and composition on silicate glass structure and dynamics: Si-29 NMR results, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 106, 359–369 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. I. Farnan, J.F. Stebbins: High-temperature silicon-29 NMR investigation of solid and molten silicates, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112, 32–39 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. J.F. Stebbins, I. Farnan, X. Xue: The structure and dynamics of alkali silicate liquids: A view from NMR spectroscopy, Chem. Geol. 96, 371–385 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. M.T. Rinke, H. Eckert: The mixed network former effect in glasses: Solid state NMR and XPS structural studies of the glass system (Na2O)x(BPO4)1-x, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 6552–6565 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. R.K. Harris, E.D. Becker, S.M.C. De Menezes, P. Granger, R.E. Hoffman, K.W. Zilm: Further conventions for NMR shielding and chemical shifts IUPAC recommendations 2008, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 33, 41–56 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. R.K. Brow, D.R. Tallant, S.T. Myers, C.C. Phifer: The short-range structure of zinc polyphosphate glass, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 191, 45–55 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. R.K. Brow, R.J. Kirkpatrick, G.L. Turner: The short range structure of sodium phosphate glasses I. MAS NMR studies, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 116, 39–45 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. R.K. Brow, C.C. Phifer, G.L. Turner, R.J. Kirkpatrick: Cation effects on 31P MAS NMR chemical shifts of metaphosphate glasses, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 74, 1287–1290 (1991)Google Scholar
  109. D.G. Gorenstein: Dependence of phosphorus-31 chemical shifts on oxygen-phosphorus-oxygen bond angles in phosphate esters, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97, 898–900 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. D.P. Lang, T.M. Alam, D.N. Bencoe: Solid-state 31P/27Al and 31P/23Na TRAPDOR NMR investigations of the phosphorus environments in sodium aluminophosphate glasses, Chem. Mater. 13, 420–428 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. F. Fayon, C. Bessada, J.-P. Coutures, D. Massiot: High-resolution double-quantum 31P MAS NMR study of the intermediate-range order in crystalline and glass lead phosphates, Inorg. Chem. 38, 5212–5218 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. F. Fayon, G. Le Saout, L. Emsley, D. Massiot: Through-bond phosphorus–phosphorus connectivities in crystalline and disordered phosphates by solid-state NMR, Chem. Commun. 1702–1703 (2002)Google Scholar
  113. R. Witter, P. Hartmann, J. Vogel, C. Jäger: Measurements of chain length distributions in calcium phosphate glasses using 2-D 31P double quantum NMR, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 13, 189–200 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. M. Feike, C. Jäger, H.W. Spiess: Connectivities of coordination polyhedra in phosphate glasses from 31P double-quantum NMR spectroscopy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 223, 200–206 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. B. Tischendorf, J.U. Otaigbe, J.W. Wiench, M. Pruski, B.C. Sales: A study of short and intermediate range order in zinc phosphate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 223, 147–158 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. C. Jäger, M. Feike, R. Born, H.W. Spiess: Direct detection of connectivities in glasses by 2-D NMR, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 180, 91–95 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. K. Glock, O. Hirsch, P. Rehak, B. Thomas, C. Jäger: Novel opportunities for studying the short and medium range order of glasses by MAS NMR, 29Si double quantum NMR and IR spectroscopies, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 232, 113–118 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. J. Machacek, O. Gedeon, M. Liska: Group connectivity in binary silicate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2173–2179 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. W. Strojek, H. Eckert: Medium-range order in sodium phosphate glasses: A quantitative rotational echo double resonance solid state NMR study, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 2276–2285 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. S. Cadars, D.H. Brouwer, B.F. Chmelka: Probing local structures of siliceous zeolite frameworks by solid-state NMR and first-principles calculations of 29Si–O–29Si scalar couplings, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 1825–1837 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. P. Florian, F. Fayon, D. Massiot: 2J Si-O-Si scalar spin-spin coupling in the solid state: Crystalline and glassy wollastonite CaSiO3, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 2562–2572 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. F. Fayon, D. Massiot, M.H. Levitt, J.J. Titman, D.H. Gregory, L. Duma, L. Emsley, S.P. Brown: Through-space contributions to two-dimensional double-quantum J correlation NMR spectra of magic-angle-spinning solids, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 194313 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. F. Fayon, I.J. King, R.K. Harris, J.S.O. Evans, D. Massiot: Application of the through-bond correlation NMR experiment to the characterization of crystalline and disordered phosphates, C. R. Chim. 7, 351–361 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. F. Fayon, C. Roiland, L. Emsley, D. Massiot: Triple-quantum correlation NMR experiments in solids using J-couplings, J. Magn. Reson. 179, 49–57 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. J. Hiet, M. Deschamps, N. Pellerin, F. Fayon, D. Massiot: Probing chemical disorder in glasses using silicon-29 NMR spectral editing, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 6935–6940 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. M.C. Davis, D.C. Kaseman, S.M. Parvani, K.J. Sanders, P.J. Grandinetti, D. Massiot, P. Florian: Qn species distribution in K2O·2SiO2 glass by 29Si magic angle flipping NMR, J. Phys. Chem. A 114, 5503–5508 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. R.E. Youngman, M.J. Dejneka: NMR studies of fluorine in aluminosilicate-lanthanum fluoride glasses and glass-ceramics, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85, 1077–1082 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. J.C.C. Chan, H. Eckert: High-resolution 27Al–19F solid-state double resonance NMR studies of AlF3–BaF2–CaF2 glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284, 16–21 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. R.G. Hill, R.V. Law, M.D. O’Donnell, J. Hawes, N.L. Bubb, D.J. Wood, C.A. Miller, M. Mirsaneh, I. Reaney: Characterisation of fluorine containing glasses and glass-ceramics by 19F magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 2185–2191 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. B. Bureau, G. Silly, J.Y. Buzaré, C. Jacoboni: From 1-D to 3-D fluorine octahedron networks in transition metal fluoride glasses: A 19F MAS NMR study, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 258, 110–118 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. B. Bureau, G. Silly, J.Y. Buzaré, J. Emery: Superposition model for 19F isotropic chemical shift in ionic fluorides: From basic metal fluorides to transition metal fluoride glasses, Chem. Phys. 249, 89–104 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. T.J. Kiczenski, J.F. Stebbins: Fluorine sites in calcium and barium oxyfluorides: F-19 NMR on crystalline model compounds and glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 306, 160–168 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. J.F. Stebbins, Q. Zeng: Cation ordering at fluoride sites in silicate glasses: A high-resolution 19F NMR study, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 262, 1–5 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Q. Zeng, J.F. Stebbins: Fluoride sites in aluminosilicate glasses: High-resolution 19F NMR results, Am. Mineral. 85, 863–867 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. T.J. Kiczenski, L.-S. Du, J.F. Stebbins: F-19 NMR study of the ordering of high field strength cations at fluoride sites in silicate and aluminosilicate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 337, 142–149 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. L.A. Bueno, J.P. Donoso, C.J. Magon, I. Kosacki, F.A.D. Filho, C.C. Tambelli, Y. Messaddeq, S.J.L. Ribeiro: Conductivity and 19F NMR in PbGeO3–PbF2–CdF2 glasses and glass-ceramics, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 766–770 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. V.Y. Kavun, A.B. Slobodyuk, E.I. Voit, S.L. Sinebryukhov, E.B. Merkulov, V.K. Goncharuk: Ionic mobility and structure of glasses in ZrF4–BiF3–MF2 (M = Sr, Ba, Pb) systems according to NMR, IR, and Raman spectroscopic data, J. Struct. Chem. 51, 862–868 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. C. Rüssel: Nanocrystallization of CaF2 from Na2O/K2O/CaO/CaF2/Al2O3/SiO2 glasses, Chem. Mater. 17, 5843–5847 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. B. Wrackmeyer: Application of 207Pb NMR parameters, Annu. Rep. NMR Spectrosc. 47, 1–37 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. F. Fayon, C. Bessada, D. Massiot, I. Farnan, J.P. Coutures: 29Si and 207Pb NMR study of local order in lead silicate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 232–234, 403–408 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. F. Fayon, I. Farnan, C. Bessada, J. Coutures, D. Massiot, J.P. Coutures: Empirical correlations between 207Pb NMR chemical shifts and structure in solids, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 119, 6837–6843 (1997)Google Scholar
  142. F. Fayon, C. Landron, K. Sakurai, C. Bessada, D. Massiot: Pb2+ environment in lead silicate glasses probed by Pb-L III edge XAFS and 207Pb NMR, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 243, 39–44 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. T. Yoko, K. Tadanaga, F. Miyaji, S. Sakka: A 207Pb MAS-NMR study of Pb-containing glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 150, 192–196 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. V. Martin, B. Wood, U. Werner-Zwanziger, J.W. Zwanziger: Structural aspects of the photoelastic response in lead borate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2120–2125 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. B. Bureau, G. Silly, J.Y. Buzaré: CP-MAS 207Pb with 19F decoupling NMR spectroscopy: Medium range investigation in fluoride materials, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 15, 79–89 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. A.S. Cattaneo, R.P. Lima, C.E. Tambelli, C.J. Magon, V.R. Mastelaro, A. Garcia, J.E. de Souza, A.S.S. de Camargo, C.C. de Araujo, J.F. Schneider: Structural role of fluoride in the ion-conducting glass system B2O3-PbO-LiF studied by single-and double-resonance NMR, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 10462–10471 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. L. Montagne, S. Donze, G. Palavit, J.C. Boivin, F. Fayon, D. Massiot, J. Grimblot, L. Gengembre: 207Pb and 113Cd NMR and XPS characterization of PbO–PbCl2–CdCl2 glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 293, 74–80 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. A. Bielecki, D.P. Burum: Temperature dependence of 207Pb MAS spectra of solid lead nitrate. An accurate, sensitive thermometer for variable-temperature MAS, J. Magn. Reson., Ser. A 116(2), 215–220 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. D. Holland, A.P. Howes, R. Dupree, J.A. Johnson, C.E. Johnson: Site symmetry in binary and ternary tin silicate glasses: 29Si and 119Sn nuclear magnetic resonance, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 15, S2457 (2003)Google Scholar
  150. D. Holland, A.P. Howes, M.E. Smith, A.C. Hannon: Lone-pair effects and structural trends in xSnO·(1−x)P2O5 glasses deduced from 31P and 119Sn nuclear magnetic resonance, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14, 13609 (2002)Google Scholar
  151. E. Bekaert, L. Montagne, L. Delevoye, G. Palavit, A. Wattiaux: NMR and Mössbauer characterization of tin(II)–tin(IV)–sodium phosphate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345, 70–74 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. É. Bekaert, L. Montagne, L. Delevoye, G. Palavit, B. Revel: Structure and properties of xSnO–(100−x)P2O5 glasses, C. R. Chim. 7, 377–382 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. D. Holland, M.E. Smith, A.P. Howes, T. Davies, L. Barrett: Influence of the borate anomaly on the Sn(II) environment in tin borate glasses, Phys. Chem. Glasses 44, 59–63 (2003)Google Scholar
  154. K. Sykina, B. Bureau, L. Le Pollès, C. Roiland, M. Deschamps, C.J. Pickard, E. Furet: A combined 77Se NMR and molecular dynamics contribution to the structural understanding of the chalcogenide glasses, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16, 17975–17982 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. B. Bureau, J. Troles, M. Le Floch, F. Smektala, J. Lucas: Medium range order studied in selenide glasses by 77Se NMR, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326, 58–63 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. B. Bureau, C. Boussard-Plédel, M. LeFloch, J. Troles, F. Smektala, J. Lucas: Selenium-tellurium sequences in binary glasses as depicted by 77Se and 125Te NMR, J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 6130–6135 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. M. Deschamps, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, G. Yang, L. Le Pollès, D. Massiot: 77Se solid-state NMR investigations on AsxSe1-x glasses using CPMG acquisition under MAS, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 40, 72–77 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. B. Bureau, J. Troles, M. LeFloch, F. Smektala, G. Silly, J. Lucas: Solid state 77Se NMR investigations on arsenic-selenium glasses and crystals, Solid State Sci. 5, 219–224 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. E.L. Gjersing, S. Sen, B.G. Aitken: Structure, connectivity, and configurational entropy of GexSe100- x glasses: Results from 77Se MAS NMR spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 8601–8608 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. T.G. Edwards, S. Sen, E.L. Gjersing: A combined 77Se NMR and Raman spectroscopic study of the structure of GexSe1−x glasses: Towards a self consistent structural model, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358, 609–614 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. D.C. Kaseman, I. Hung, Z. Gan, S. Sen: Observation of a continuous random network structure in GexSe100−x glasses: Results from high-resolution 77Se MATPASS/CPMG NMR spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem. B 117, 949–954 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. R. Maxwell, H. Eckert: Chemical equilibria in glass-forming melts: High-temperature 31P and 77Se NMR of the phosphorus-selenium system, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 116, 682–689 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. R. Maxwell, D. Lathrop, H. Eckert: Intermediate-range order in phosphorus-selenium glasses, constraints from 31P and 77Se NMR spectroscopy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 180, 244–250 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. D. Holland, J. Bailey, G. Ward, B. Turner, P. Tierney, R. Dupree: A 125Te and 23Na NMR investigation of the structure and crystallisation of sodium tellurite glasses, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 27, 16–27 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. S. Sakida, S. Hayakawa, T. Yoko: 125Te, 27Al, and 71Ga NMR study of M2O3–TeO2(M = Al and Ga) glasses, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84, 836–842 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. S. Sakida, S. Hayakawa, T. Yoko: Part 2. 125Te NMR study of M2O–TeO2 (M = Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs) glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 243, 13–25 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. T.G. Edwards, E.L. Gjersing, S. Sen, S.C. Currie, B.G. Aitken: 125Te NMR chemical shifts and tellurium coordination environments in crystals and glasses in the Ge–As–Sb–Te system, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 3036–3041 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. M. Villa, G. Chiodelli, A. Magistris, G. Licheri: Structure and ion dynamics of silver borate glasses: A 109Ag NMR study, J. Chem. Phys. 85, 2392–2400 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. M. Vogel, C. Brinkmann, H. Eckert, A. Heuer: Silver dynamics in silver iodide/silver phosphate glasses studied by multi-dimensional 109Ag NMR, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 4, 3237–3245 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. S. Berndt, K.R. Jeffrey, R. Küchler, R. Böhmer: Silver ion dynamics in silver borate glasses: Spectra and multiple-time correlation functions from 109Ag-NMR, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 27, 122–131 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. J. Sanz, P. Herrero, R. Rojas, J.M. Rojo, S. Rossignol, J.M. Reau, B. Tanguy: 109Ag NMR investigation of tellurite glasses containing AgI or the (AgI)0.75(TlI)0.25 eutectic mixture, Solid state ionics 82, 129–134 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. J. Kawamura, N. Kuwata, Y. Nakamura, T. Erata, T. Hattori: Evidence of multisite exchange in AgI–AgPO3 glasses: 109Ag NMR hole-burning spectra, Solid State Ionics 154, 183–188 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. H. Deters, A.S.S. de Camargo, C.N. Santos, C.R. Ferrari, A.C. Hernandes, A. Ibanez, M.T. Rinke, H. Eckert: Structural characterization of rare-earth doped yttrium aluminoborate laser glasses using solid state NMR, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 16216–16225 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. H. Deters, J.F. de Lima, C.J. Magon, A.S.S. de Camargo, H. Eckert: Structural models for yttrium aluminium borate laser glasses: NMR and EPR studies of the system (Y2O3)0.2– (Al2O3)x– (B2O3)0.8-x, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 16071–16083 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. N.K. Nasikas, S. Sen, G.N. Papatheodorou: Structural nature of polyamorphism in Y2O3–Al2O3 glasses, Chem. Mater. 23, 2860–2868 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. L. Züchner, J.C. Chan, W. Müller-Warmuth, H. Eckert: Short-range order and site connectivities in sodium aluminoborate glasses. 1. Quantification of local environments by high-resolution 11B, 23Na, and 27Al solid-state NMR, J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 4495–4506 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. A.H. Silver, P.J. Bray: Nuclear magnetic resonance absorption in glass. i. nuclear quadrupole effects in boron oxide, soda-boric oxide, and borosilicate glasses, J. Chem. Phys. 29, 984–990 (1958)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. S. Sen, Z. Xu, J.F. Stebbins: Temperature dependent structural changes in borate, borosilicate and boroaluminate liquids: High-resolution 11B, 29Si, and 27Al NMR studies, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 226, 29–40 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. R. Martens, W. Müller-Warmuth: Structural groups and their mixing in borosilicate glasses of various compositions–an NMR study, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 265, 167–175 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. A. Bajaj, A. Khanna, B. Chen, J.G. Longstaffe, U.-W. Zwanziger, J.W. Zwanziger, Y. Gómez, F. González: Structural investigation of bismuth borate glasses and crystalline phases, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 45–53 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. J. Šubčík, L. Koudelka, P. Mošner, L. Montagne, B. Revel, I. Gregora: Structure and properties of MoO3-containing zinc borophosphate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 970–975 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. J. Wu, J.F. Stebbins: Effects of cation field strength on the structure of aluminoborosilicate glasses: High-resolution 11B, 27Al, and 23Na MAS NMR, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 556–562 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. L.-S. Du, J.F. Stebbins: Solid-state NMR study of metastable immiscibility in alkali borosilicate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 315, 239–255 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. D. Zielniok, C. Cramer, H. Eckert: Structure/property correlations in ion-conducting mixed-network former glasses: Solid-state NMR studies of the system Na2O-B2O3-P2O5, Chem. Mater. 19, 3162–3170 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. M. Bertmer, L. Züchner, J.C.C. Chan, H. Eckert: Short and medium range order in sodium aluminoborate glasses. 2. Site connectivities and cation distributions studied by rotational echo double resonance NMR spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6541–6553 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. A. Naito, K. Nishimura, S. Tuzi, H. Saito: Inter-and intra-molecular contributions of neighboring dipolar pairs to the precise determination of interatomic distances in a simple [13C, 15N]-peptide by 13C, 15N-REDOR NMR spectroscopy, Chem. Phys. Lett. 229, 506–511 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. M. Bertmer, H. Eckert: Dephasing of spin echoes by multiple heteronuclear dipolar interactions in rotational echo double resonance NMR experiments, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 15, 139–152 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. A. Goldbourt: Distance measurements to metal ions and other quadrupolar spins by magic angle spinning solid state NMR, Isr. J. Chem. 54, 125–135 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. A.E. Geissberger, P.J. Bray: Determinations of structure and bonding in amorphous SiO2 using 17O NMR, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 54, 121–137 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. T.J. Bastow, S.N. Stuart: 17O NMR in simple oxides, Chem. Phys. 143, 459–467 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. H. Maekawa, P. Florian, D. Massiot, H. Kiyono, M. Nakamura: Effect of alkali metal oxide on 17O NMR parameters and Si-O-Si angles of alkali metal disilicate glasses, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 5525–5532 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. I. Farnan, P.J. Grandinetti, J.H. Baltisberger, J.F. Stebbins, U. Werner, M.A. Eastman, A. Pines: Quantification of the disorder in network-modified silicate glasses, Nature 358, 31–35 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. S.K. Lee, J.F. Stebbins: Al–O–Al and Si–O–Si sites in framework aluminosilicate glasses with Si/Al = 1: Quantification of framework disorder, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 270, 260–264 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. S. Wang, J.F. Stebbins: Multiple-quantum magic-angle spinning 17O NMR studies of borate, borosilicate, and boroaluminate glasses, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 82, 1519–1528 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. L.-S. Du, J.F. Stebbins: Nature of silicon-boron mixing in sodium borosilicate glasses: A high-resolution 11B and 17O NMR study, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 10063–10076 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. F. Angeli, T. Charpentier, E. Molières, A. Soleilhavoup, P. Jollivet, S. Gin: Influence of lanthanum on borosilicate glass structure: A multinuclear MAS and MQMAS NMR investigation, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 376, 189–198 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. M. Zeyer, L. Montagne, C. Jaeger: Measuring oxygen–phosphorus distances and the orientation of electric field gradient tensors using 17O-31P REDOR in phosphate glasses, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 23, 136–144 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. P.M. Aguiar, V.K. Michaelis, C.M. McKinley, S. Kroeker: Network connectivity in cesium borosilicate glasses: 17O multiple-quantum MAS and double-resonance NMR, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 363, 50–56 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. D.R. Neuville, L. Cormier, D. Massiot: Al environment in tectosilicate and peraluminous glasses: A 27Al MQ-MAS NMR, Raman, and XANES investigation, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 68, 5071–5079 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. E. Lippmaa, A. Samoson, M. Magi: High-resolution aluminum-27 NMR of aluminosilicates, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 108, 1730–1735 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. M.E. Smith: Observation of mixed aluminum oxynitride Al(O,N)4 structural units by 27Al magic angle spinning NMR, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 1444–1448 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. P.J. Dirken, J.B.H. Jansen, R.D. Schuiling: Influence of octahedral polymerization on 23Na and 27Al MAS NMR in alkali fluoroaluminates, Am. Mineral. 77, 718–724 (1992)Google Scholar
  203. G. Le Caër, R.A. Brand: General models for the distributions of electric field gradients in disordered solids, J. Phys. 10, 10715 (1998)Google Scholar
  204. B. Bureau, G. Silly, J.Y. Buzaré, C. Legein, D. Massiot: From crystalline to glassy gallium fluoride materials: An NMR study of 69Ga and 71Ga quadrupolar nuclei, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 14, 181–190 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. J.C.C. Chan, M. Bertmer, H. Eckert: Site connectivities in amorphous materials studied by double-resonance NMR of quadrupolar nuclei: High-resolution 11B↔27Al spectroscopy of aluminoborate glasses, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 5238–5248 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. X. Xue, J.F. Stebbins, M. Kanzaki, P.F. McMillan, B. Poe: Pressure-induced silicon coordination and tetrahedral structural changes in alkali oxide-silica melts up to 12 GPa: NMR, Raman, and infrared spectroscopy, Am. Mineral. 76, 8–26 (1991)Google Scholar
  207. S.K. Lee, J.F. Stebbins: The distribution of sodium ions in aluminosilicate glasses: A high-field Na-23 MAS and 3QMAS NMR study, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 67, 1699–1709 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. F. Angeli, O. Villain, S. Schuller, S. Ispas, T. Charpentier: Insight into sodium silicate glass structural organization by multinuclear NMR combined with first-principles calculations, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 75, 2453–2469 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. B. Gee, M. Janssen, H. Eckert: Local cation environments in mixed alkali silicate glasses studied by multinuclear single and double resonance magic-angle spinning NMR, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 215, 41–50 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. T.M. Alam, J. McLaughlin, C.C. Click, S. Conzone, R.K. Brow, T.J. Boyle, J.W. Zwanziger: Investigation of sodium distribution in phosphate glasses using spin-echo 23Na NMR, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 1464–1472 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. F. Behrends, H. Eckert: Mixed network former effects in oxide glasses: Spectroscopic studies in the system (M2O)1/3[(Ge2O4)x(P2O5)1−x]2/3, J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 10271–10283 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. Y. Idota, T. Kubota, A. Matsufuji, Y. Maekawa, T. Miyasaka: Tin-based amorphous oxide: A high-capacity lithium-ion-storage material, Science 276, 1395–1397 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. G.R. Goward, F. Leroux, W.P. Power, G. Ouvrard, W. Dmowski, T. Egami, L.F. Nazar: On the nature of Li insertion in tin composite oxide glasses, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 2, 367–370 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. V.K. Michaelis, P.M. Aguiar, S. Kroeker: Probing alkali coordination environments in alkali borate glasses by multinuclear magnetic resonance, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2582–2590 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. J. Schneider, J. Tsuchida, H. Eckert: Cation size effects in mixed-ion metaphosphate glasses: Structural characterization by multinuclear solid state NMR spectroscopy, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 14328–14339 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. C.A. Click, R.K. Brow, T.M. Alam: Properties and structure of cesium phosphate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 311, 294–303 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. S. Kroeker, S. Schuller, J.E.C. Wren, B.J. Greer, A. Mesbah: 133Cs and 23Na MAS NMR spectroscopy of molybdate crystallization in model nuclear glasses, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99, 1557–1564 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. D. Mohr, A.S.S. de Camargo, C.C. de Araujo, H. Eckert: Local environment of scandium in aluminophosphate laser glasses: Structural studies by solid state NMR spectroscopy, J. Mater. Chem. 17, 3733–3738 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. K.E. Kelsey, J.F. Stebbins, D.M. Singer, G.E. Brown, J.L. Mosenfelder, P.D. Asimow: Cation field strength effects on high pressure aluminosilicate glass structure: Multinuclear NMR and La XAFS results, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 73, 3914–3933 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. B. Pahari, S. Iftekhar, A. Jaworski, K. Okhotnikov, K. Jansson, B. Stevensson, J. Grins, M. Eden: Composition-property-structure correlations of scandium aluminosilicate glasses revealed by multinuclear 45Sc, 27Al, and 29Si solid-state NMR, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95, 2545–2553 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. M. Nabavi, C. Sanchez, J. Livage: Structure and properties of amorphous V2O5, Philos. Mag. B 63, 941–953 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. G. Tricot, L. Montagne, L. Delevoye, G. Palavit, V. Kostoj: Redox and structure of sodium-vanadophosphate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345, 56–60 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. Z. Szalay, J. Rohonczy: A multinuclear NMR study of sodium-borovanadophosphate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 295–301 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. O.B. Lapina, A.A. Shubin, D.F. Khabibulin, V.V. Terskikh, P.R. Bodart, J.-P. Amoureux: Solid-state 51V NMR for characterization of vanadium-containing systems, Catal. Today 78, 91–104 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. P. Pyykkö: Year-2008 nuclear quadrupole moments, Mol. Phys. 106, 1965–1974 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. N. Machida, H. Eckert: FT-IR, FT-Raman and 95Mo MAS-NMR studies on the structure of ionically conducting glasses in the system AgI-Ag2O-MoO3, Solid State Ionics 107, 255–268 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. S.H. Santagneli, C.C. de Araujo, W. Strojek, H. Eckert, G. Poirier, S.J.L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq: Structural studies of NaPO3-MoO3 glasses by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance and raman spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem. B 111, 10109–10117 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. E. Nicoleau, S. Schuller, F. Angeli, T. Charpentier, P. Jollivet, A. Le Gac, M. Fournier, A. Mesbah, F. Vasconcelos: Phase separation and crystallization effects on the structure and durability of molybdenum borosilicate glass, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 427, 120–133 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. R. Dupree, M.H. Lewis, M.E. Smith: A high-resolution NMR study of the lanthanum-silicon-aluminum-oxygen-nitrogen system, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 5125–5132 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. T.J. Bastow: 139La nuclear magnetic resonance characterisation of La2O3 and La1-xSrxMO3 where M = Cr, Mn or Co, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 3, 17–22 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. A.L. Paterson, M.A. Hanson, U. Werner-Zwanziger, J.W. Zwanziger: Relating 139La quadrupolar coupling constants to polyhedral distortion in crystalline structures, J. Phys. Chem. C 119, 25508–25517 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. L. Spencer, E. Coomes, E. Ye, V. Terskikh, A. Ramzy, V. Thangadurai, G.R. Goward: Structural analysis of lanthanum-containing battery materials using 139La solid-state NMR, Can. J. Chem. 89, 1105–1117 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. J. Zhong, P.J. Bray: Determination of gallium coordination in cesium gallate glasses by high-resolution pulsed NMR, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 94, 122–132 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. A.W. Mao, B.G. Aitken, R.E. Youngman, D.C. Kaseman, S. Sen: Structure of glasses in the pseudobinary system Ga2Se3-GeSe2: Violation of chemical order and 8-n coordination rule, J. Phys. Chem. B 117, 16594–16601 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  235. M. Rozé, L. Calvez, M. Hubert, P. Toupin, B. Bureau, C. Boussard-Plédel, X.-H. Zhang: Molded glass–ceramics for infrared applications, Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 2, 129–136 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. H. Eckert, J.P. Yesinowski: Sulfur-33 NMR at natural abundance in solids, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 108, 2140–2146 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. S. Couch, A.P. Howes, S.C. Kohn, M.E. Smith: 33S solid state NMR of sulphur speciation in silicate glasses, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson. 26, 203–208 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. L.A. O'Dell, K. Klimm, J.C.C. Freitas, S.C. Kohn, M.E. Smith: 33S MAS NMR of a disordered sulfur-doped silicate: Signal enhancement via RAPT, QCPMG and adiabatic pulses, Appl. Magn. Reson. 35, 247–259 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. L.D. Bogomolova, V.A. Zhachkin, T.K. Pavlushkina: Use of electron paramagnetic resonance for investigating glasses and raw materials (review), Glass Ceram. 72, 117–122 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. F.S. De Vicente, F.A. Santos, B.S. Simões, S.T. Dias, M.S. Li: EPR, optical absorption and luminescence studies of Cr3+-doped antimony phosphate glasses, Opt. Mater. 38, 119–125 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. C.J. Magon, J.P.D. Gonzalez, J.F. Lima, H. Eckert, E.D. Zanotto, J. Lumeau, L. Glebova, L. Glebov: Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) studies on the photo-thermo ionization process of photo-thermo-refractive glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 452, 320–324 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. A. Alessi, S. Agnello, G. Buscarino, Y. Pan, R.I. Mashkovtsev: EPR on radiation-induced defects in SiO2. In: Applications of EPR in Radiation Research, ed. by A. Lund, M. Shiotani (Springer, Heidelberg 2014) pp. 265–298Google Scholar
  243. D.G. Mitchell, R.W. Quine, M. Tseitlin, V. Meyer, S.S. Eaton, G.R. Eaton: Comparison of continuous wave, spin echo, and rapid scan EPR of irradiated fused quartz, Radiat. Meas. 46, 993–996 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. Y. Deligiannakis, L. Astrakas, G. Kordas, R.A. Smith: Electronic structure of B2O3 glass studied by one-and two-dimensional electron-spin-echo envelope modulation spectroscopy, Phys. Rev. B 58, 11420 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josef W. Zwanziger
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ulrike Werner-Zwanziger
    • 1
  • Courtney Calahoo
    • 1
  • Alexander L. Paterson
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of ChemistryDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

Personalised recommendations