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Bioactive Glasses

  • Leena HupaEmail author
  • Xiaoju Wang
  • Siamak Eqtesadi
Chapter
Part of the Springer Handbooks book series (SHB)

Abstract

This chapter summarizes the development of bioactive glasses as implant materials designed to interfacially bond with bone tissue as components of tissue engineering devices that activate and guide the healing and regeneration of damaged or diseased soft and hard tissue. The main ideas and findings of the almost \({\mathrm{50}}\,{\mathrm{year}}\) history of bioactive glasses are discussed, with the main emphasis on the melt-derived silicate-based glasses in clinical use today. In addition, sol–gel glasses and also phosphate and borate glass compositions are introduced. The goal is to cover some fundamental concepts to be taken into account in the development of products consisting of bioactive glasses:
  1. 1.

    Their characterization in vivo and in vitro

     
  2. 2.

    Clinical experiences and physical properties to be taken into account in the fabrication of the end products

     
  3. 3.

    In particular, bioactive glass-based scaffolds for tissue engineering.

     

The development of bioactive glasses will be discussed from the materials science point of view. However, one important goal is to explain the various requirements of bioactive glasses due to their special application areas—implantation inside or in contact with the human body.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science and EngineeringÅbo Akademi UniversityTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Faculty of Science and EngineeringÅbo Akademi UniversityTurkuFinland
  3. 3.Abalonyx ASOsloNorway

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