Basic Steps in Weighting
Survey weights are a key component to producing population estimates. There are a series of steps in weighting that are carried out in most, if not all, surveys. In addition to an overview of weighting and the general theoretical approaches used to justify the use of weights in estimation, this chapter covers the first three weighting steps–base weights (inverse probability of selection), adjustments for unknown eligibility, and nonresponse adjustments. Examples of base weight calculation are presented for various designs. Methods of adjusting for nonresponse using propensity models and machine learning methods are covered.
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