Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery in Latin America

  • Camilo BozaEmail author
  • Ricardo Funke
  • Ricardo Flores
  • Fernando Muñoz


Obesity could be defined as an excess of body fat, accompanied by an increase of the relation between weight and height. Operationally, obesity can be considered as the condition in which body mass index (BMI) is greater than 30.1 kg/m2.

The evolution of obesity has been observed in countries such as Chile, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Colombia, Guatemala, and Bolivia among others.

Due to the magnitude of the problem, as a worldwide epidemic associated with high morbidity and mortality, the International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity (IFSO) was created in 1995 with 8 member countries progressively increasing to 31 nations in 2003.


Obesity Latin America Bariatric surgery Population Prevalence 


  1. 1.
    Begué C, Galante M, Gaudio M. Boletín de Vigilancia. Enfermedades No Transmisibles y Factores de Riesgo. Obesidad: Determinantes, epidemiología y su abordaje desde la salud pública. Ministerio de Salud Argentino. 2016.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Braguinsky J. Prevalencia de obesidad en america latina. Obesity prevalence in latin America. An Sis San Navarra. 2002;25(Supl. 1):109–15.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Welbourn R, Dixon J, Higa K. International Federation for the surgery of obesity and metabolic disorders. The IFSO Global Registry. 2016.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Romero C. Cirugia metabolica en America Latina. Metabolic surgery in Latin America. Cirujano Gen. 2010;32(2):121–4.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lanas F, Bazzano L, Rubinstein A. Prevalence, distributions and determinants of obesity and central obesity in the Southern Cone of America. PLoS One. 2016;11(10):e0163727.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ibañez L. El Problema de la Obesidad en América. Rev Chil Cir. 2007;59(6):399–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Faña C. Hispanic obesity: an American crisis. National Hispanic Caucus of state Legislators (NHCSL). 2010.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Figueroa D. Obesidad y pobreza: marco conceptual para su análisis en latinoamerica. Obesity and poverty: conceptual references for its analysis in Latin America. Saúde Soc Sao Paulo. 2009;18(1):103–17.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Amigo H. Obesidad en el niño en America Latina: situación, criterios de diagnostico y desafíos. Obesity in Latin American children: situation, diagnostic criteria and challenges. Cad Saude Publica, Rio de Janeiro. 2003;19(Sup.1):S163–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Buchwald H, Williams SE. Bariatric surgery worldwide 2003. Obes Surg. 2004;14(9):1157–64.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Buchwald H, Oien DM. Metabolic/bariatric surgery worldwide 2011. Obes Surg. 2013;23(4):427–36.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    United nations desa/population division. World population prospects. 2017. Consulta on line 27/06/17.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camilo Boza
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ricardo Funke
    • 1
  • Ricardo Flores
    • 1
  • Fernando Muñoz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Digestive SurgeryClinica Las CondesSantiagoChile

Personalised recommendations