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Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula

  • David C. van der Zee
  • Maud Y. van Herwaarden
  • Stefaan H. Tytgat
  • Michela Maffi
  • Mario LimaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) represents a congenital developmental anomaly. It is the most common congenital malformation of the esophagus characterized by an esophageal discontinuity (the upper esophagus terminates in a blind-ending pouch) and a possible tracheoesophageal connection [1–3].

Keywords

Esophageal atresia Congenital stenosis Thoracoscopy Definition of long-gap esophageal atresia Brain perfusion Long-term follow-up 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • David C. van der Zee
    • 1
  • Maud Y. van Herwaarden
    • 1
  • Stefaan H. Tytgat
    • 1
  • Michela Maffi
    • 2
  • Mario Lima
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric SurgeryUniversity Medical Center Utrecht, Wilhelmina Children’s HospitalUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric SurgeryS.Orsola Hospital, Bologna UniversityBolognaItaly

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