Healthcare-Associated Outbreaks and Pseudo-Outbreaks of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria

  • Barbara A. Brown-ElliottEmail author
  • Richard J. WallaceJr.
Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM)


Outbreaks and pseudo-outbreaks of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) have been increasingly reported worldwide. NTM thrive throughout the environment. They are commonly found in municipal and hospital water systems including hot water and chlorinated systems and cause various types of opportunistic infections in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals. Most of these infectious outbreaks have exposure to water or water-based solutions as the common denominator. This chapter reviews many of the published NTM outbreaks and pseudo-outbreaks and seeks to provide guidance to the clinician and laboratory on when to suspect an NTM outbreak or pseudo-outbreak. Surveillance and control measures to prevent and mitigate these outbreaks are also described.


Nosocomial, Outbreaks, Nontuberculous mycobacteria, Rapidly growing mycobacteria 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara A. Brown-Elliott
    • 1
    Email author
  • Richard J. WallaceJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, Mycobacteria/Nocardia Research LaboratoryThe University of Texas Health Science CenterTylerUSA
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology, Mycobacteria/Nocardia LaboratoryThe University of Texas Health Science CenterTylerUSA

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