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Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Disease in Pediatric Populations

  • Andrea T. Cruz
  • Jeffrey R. Starke
Chapter
Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM)

Abstract

Increasing numbers of children with nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections have been reported from many pediatric hospitals. The most common manifestation, cervical lymphadenitis, is most common in preschool-aged, immunocompetent children, and surgical excision may be curative. Isolated skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) can be seen in immunocompetent children after direct inoculation from penetrating trauma or can be the first presentation of disseminated disease in immunocompromised hosts. Disseminated and pulmonary NTM infection is almost always seen in children with either immunocompromising conditions (primary or acquired) or in children with conditions predisposing them to parenchymal lung damage (e.g., cystic fibrosis). While the treatment principles are the same as for adults, many children may have paucibacillary disease and may thus either require fewer medications or a shorter duration of therapy.

Keywords

Lymphadenitis Surgical excision Sinus tract Pediatric Child 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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