Advertisement

Hydrogen Storage Processes and Technologies

  • Bahman Zohuri
Chapter

Abstract

Hydrogen storage is a significant challenge for the development and viability of hydrogen-powered vehicles. Onboard hydrogen storage in the range of approximately 5–13 kg is required to enable a driving range of greater than 300 miles for the full platform of light-duty automotive vehicles using fuel cell power plants. In addition to production and distribution, costs are associated with hydrogen storage. Little public information is available on the cost of bulk gas storage, meaning a significant error margin exists for the assumptions on storage costs given in this chapter. Hydrogen storage is a key enabling technology for the advancement of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in applications such as stationary power, portable power, and transportation. Hydrogen has the highest energy per mass of any fuel; however, its low ambient temperature density results in a low energy per unit volume, requiring the development of advanced storage methods that have the potential for higher energy density.

References

  1. 1.
    Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Current state of and issues concerning underground natural gas storage (2004)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B.D. James, Overview of Hydrogen Storage Technologies (Directed Technologies, Inc., Arlington)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Onboard type IV compressed hydrogen storage system-cost and performance status 2015, DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record #: 15013, Dated: 9/30/2015, Update to: 13010, Originated by Grace Odaz, Cassidy Hochins, and Thanh HuaGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
    L. Klebanoff, J. Keller, Final report for the DOE Metal Hydride Center of Excellence, Sandia Report, SAND2012–0786, Unlimited Release, Printed February 2012Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. Simpson, Hydrogen Sorption Center of Excellence (HSCoE), U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fuel Cell Technologies ProgramGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    K.C. Ott, Final report for the DOE Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center of Excellence, LA-UR-2274, Los Alamos National LaboratoryGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
    Hydrogen threshold cost calculation. Program Record (Offices of Fuel Cell Technologies) Record#: 11007, Dated: March 25, 2011, Originator: Mark Ruth and Fred JoseckGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
    Fuel Cell Technologies Office. Multi-year research, development, and demonstration plan. www.vehicles.energy.gov/about/partnerships/usdrive.html or www.uscar.org
  18. 18.
  19. 19.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bahman Zohuri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringGalaxy Advanced Engineering Inc., University of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

Personalised recommendations