Relevant Surgical Anatomy of the Posterior Subaxial Spine and the Cervicothoracic Junction
- 867 Downloads
While the subaxial cervical spine consists of four typical cervical vertebrae from C3 to C6, the vertebras between C6 and Th4 show special and unique characteristics. The cervicothoracic junction is the intersection between the mobile cervical spine and the rigid thoracic spine. This chapter focuses on the muscular anatomy of the posterior subaxial and upper thoracic spine and on the special bony anatomy of the vertebras forming the cervicothoracic junction.
- 1.Cramer GD, Darby SA. Basic and clinical anatomy of the spine, spinal cord, and ANS. Amsterdam: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2005. p. 1.Google Scholar
- 2.Gray H. Gray’s anatomy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 1989. p. 1.Google Scholar
- 8.Lang J. Clinical anatomy of the cervical spine. Stuttgart: George Thieme Verlag; 1993. p. 1.Google Scholar