Monitoring and Management of Pollution Level

  • Abhijit Mitra


The health of any aquatic ecosystem or the survival of biota in the system is a function of its physico-chemical variables. The domain of physico-chemical variables includes parameters like water temperature, dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, salinity and nutrients (like nitrate, phosphate and silicate). Also the measurements of toxicants like insecticides, herbicides and metals are included within the list of physico-chemical variables. Physico-chemical indicators provide information on what is impacting on the system. For example, is it an organic waste that affects DO or is it some specific type of toxicants? Sometimes excessive nutrient load in the aquatic ecosystem (that originates from the domestic and municipal sewage) triggers the growth of phytoplankton and causes eutrophication. Thus biological organisms are also being affected by physico-chemical variables.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhijit Mitra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine ScienceUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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