This chapter discusses waste and recycling efforts in US cities. We begin by exploring the scope of the issue around waste and recycling. Cities are increasingly setting ambitious targets, such as zero waste goals. We begin by discussing ways that cities are taking action to reduce waste and to reuse items that are often destined for landfills. We explore the rise of composting programs. We then examine what cities are doing around recycling, and examine innovative programs that help cities increase recycling rates. We found that waste and recycling is not prioritized within most plans, but it is integrated into multiple plan sections including those dealing with the environment, buildings, green space, and others.