Advertisement

Introduction: The Lukács Debate

  • Richard Westerman
Chapter
Part of the Political Philosophy and Public Purpose book series (POPHPUPU)

Abstract

This chapter surveys the key points of the debate around Lukács. Westerman analyses a number of critical interpretations, most of which treat Lukács as a neo-Romantic or Idealist, and so assume that Lukács wrongly designates the proletariat as a subject somehow standing outside of social structures that it created and is capable of acting on. In contrast, more sympathetic readings, particularly those of Lucien Goldmann and Andrew Feenberg, read Lukács as treating subject and object as coequal. Westerman aligns his argument with such approaches: Lukács’s social theory should instead be read in the light of his engagement with Neo-Kantianism, phenomenology, and the formalist philosophy of art during his time in Heidelberg.

Bibliography

  1. 1.
    Adorno, Theodor, et al. 1950. The Authoritarian Personality. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Adorno, Theodor, and Max Horkheimer. 1997 [1947]. Dialectic of Enlightenment. Trans. John Cumming. London/New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Arato, Andrew, and Paul Breines. 1979. The Young Lukács and the Origins of Western Marxism. New York: Seabury.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bernstein, J.M. 1988. Lukács’s Wake: Praxis, Presence, and Metaphysics. In Lukács Today: Essays in Marxist Philosophy, ed. Tom Rockmore, 167–195. Dordrecht/Boston/Lancaster/Tokyo: D. Reidel.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bewes, Timothy. 2002. Reification, or the Anxiety of Late Capitalism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Congdon, Lee. 1983. The Young Lukács. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Corredor, Eva L. 1997. Lukács After Communism: Interviews with Contemporary Intellectuals. Durham/London: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Di Giovanni, George. 2010. ‘Introduction’ to G.W.F. Hegel, The Science of Logic. Trans. George di Giovanni. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dodd, W.J. 1992. Kafka and Dostoevsky: The Shaping of Influence. New York: St. Martin’s Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Doz, Andre. 1987. La logique de Hegel et les problèmes traditionnels de l’ontologie. Paris: Vrin.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Feenberg, Andrew. 2014. The Philosophy of Praxis: Marx, Lukács, and the Frankfurt School. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    ———. 1981. Lukács, Marx and the Sources of Critical Theory. Totowa: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fromm, Erich. 1984. The Working Class in Weimar Germany: A Psychological and Sociological Study. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gluck, Mary. 1985. Georg Lukács and His Generation 1900–18. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Goldmann, Lucien. 1977. Lukács & Heidegger: Towards a New Philosophy. Trans. William Q. Boelhower. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Habermas, Jürgen. 1990. The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. Trans. Frederick G. Lawrence. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Heller, Agnes. 1983. Georg Lukács and Irma Seidler. In Lukács Revalued, ed. Heller Agnes, 27–62. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Honneth, Axel. 2005. Verdinglichung: eine anerkennungstheoretische Studie. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Houlgate, Stephen. 2005. The Opening of Hegel’s Logic: From Being to Infinity. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Jay, Martin. 1984. Marxism and Totality: The Adventures of a Concept from Lukács to Habermas. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kadarkay, Arpad. 1991. Georg Lukács: Life, Thought, Politics, 280–281. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kavoulakos, Konstantinos. 2014. Ästhetizistische Kulturkritik und ethische Utopie. Georg Lukács’ neukantianisches Frühwerk. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    ———. 2011. Back to History? Reinterpreting Lukács’ Early Marxist Work in Light of the Antinomies of Contemporary Critical Theory. In Georg Lukács Reconsidered: Critical Essays in Politics, Philosophy and Aesthetics, ed. Michael J. Thompson, 151–171. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Larsen, Neil. 2011. Lukács sans Proletariat, or Can History and Class Consciousness be Rehistoricized? In Georg Lukács: The Fundamental Dissonance of Existence. Aesthetics, Politics, Literature, ed. Timothy Bewes and Timothy Hall, 81–101. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Löwenthal, Leo. 1964. The Reception of Dostoevski’s Work in Germany: 1880–1920. In The Arts in Society, ed. Robert N. Wilson, 122–147. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Löwy, Michael. 1979. Georg Lukács: From Romanticism to Bolshevism. Trans. Patrick Camiller. London: New Left Books.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Lukács, Georg. 1968–1981. Werke, (W), ed. György Márkus and Frank Benseler, 18 vols. Darmstadt: Luchterhand.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    ———. 1971. History & Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics, [HCC]. Trans. Rodney Livingstone. London: Merlin.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    ———. 1974. Soul & Form. Trans. Anna Bostock. London: Merlin Press.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    ———. 1971. The Theory of the Novel. Trans. Anna Bostock. London: Merlin.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    ———. 1986. Selected Correspondence, ed. Judith Marcus and Zoltán Tar. Budapest: Corvina.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    ———. 1983. Record of a Life, ed. I. Eörsi. Trans. R. Livingstone. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    ———. 1985. Dostojewski Notizen und Entwurfe, ed. J.C. Nyíri and J.C. Budapest: Corvina.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Merleau-Ponty, Maurice. 1973. Adventures of the Dialectic. Trans. J. Bien. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Parkinson, G.H.R. 1977. Georg Lukács. London/Henley/Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Postone, Moishe. 2002. Lukács and the Dialectical Critique of Capitalism. In New Dialectics and Political Economy, ed. R. Albritton and J. Simoulidis, 78–100. New York: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    ———. 1993. Time, Labour, and Social Domination: A Reinterpretation of Marx’s Critical Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Rockmore, Tom. 1992. Irrationalism: Lukács and the Marxist View of Reason. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Simmel, Georg. 1968. The Conflict in Modern Culture and Other Essays. Trans. K. Peter Etzkorn. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Schmitt, Carl. 1988. The Crisis of Parliamentary Democracy. Trans. Ellen Kennedy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Stedman Jones, G. 1977. The Marxism of the Early Lukács. In Western Marxism: A Critical Reader, ed. Stedman Jones et al., 11–60. London: New Left Books.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Tamás, G.M. 2017. The Never-Ending Lukács Debate. Los Angeles Review of Books, March 6. https://lareviewofbooks.org/article/the-never-ending-lukacs-debate/. Accessed 29 Mar 2017.
  43. 43.
    Wellek, René. 1962. Dostoevsky. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Wessely, Anna. 1990. Simmel’s Influence on Lukács’s Conception of the Sociology of Art. In Georg Simmel and Contemporary Sociology, ed. Michael Kaern et al., 357–373. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Westerman, Richard. 2017. From Myshkin to Marxism: The Role of Dostoevsky Reception in Lukács’s Revolutionary Ethics. Modern Intellectual History.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S1479244317000373.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Westerman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

Personalised recommendations