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Root Morphology

  • Antonio Lupini
  • Fabrizio Araniti
  • Antonio Mauceri
  • Maria Princi
  • Antonino Di Iorio
  • Agostino Sorgonà
  • Maria Rosa Abenavoli
Chapter

Abstract

Root system defined as the “Hidden Half” of plant, has not attracted a great deal of attention for a long time from plant biologists. In recent years, through the new innovative techniques, root system has been deeply studied allowing all to reveal its structure, function, but also its genetic potential, which could be manipulated to improve crop yield and plant survival in stressful environments. Plant root system has three major functions: site of water and nutrients acquisition from the soil, essential support for plant anchoring and sensor of abiotic and biotic stresses. It also points out secondary functions such as photoassimilates storage, phytohormones synthesis and clonal propagation.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Lupini
    • 1
  • Fabrizio Araniti
    • 1
  • Antonio Mauceri
    • 1
  • Maria Princi
    • 1
  • Antonino Di Iorio
    • 2
  • Agostino Sorgonà
    • 1
  • Maria Rosa Abenavoli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department AgrariaMediterranea UniversityReggio CalabriaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology and Life ScienceUniversity of InsubriaVareseItaly

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