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Agroecology pp 15-31 | Cite as

Agroecosystem Design

  • Paul Wojtkowski
Chapter

Chapter Commentary

The first chapter began the process of defining agroecology (a) in lexicographic terms, (b) as an academic science, (c) from an economic perspective, and (d) as the basis for selecting among the many agronomically productive, land-use possibilities. Most of all, agroecology is a land-use science where at the core is a plot-demarcated agroecosystem.

This text offers a streamlined explanation as to how the many parts fit together. The goal is to arrive at a site, climate, and socioeconomically suitable agrosystems.

To achieve this, there is a central path from which all the agroecosystem designs originate. There are three steps along the agro-design path: (1) the core elements of agrosystem design, (2) the cropping threats, and their counters, arriving at (3) a recognized or novel agrotechnology. This chapter looks at the first of these steps, the core elements that form the base agroecosystem.

In agroecology, development is not complete without evaluation. This chapter also presents those economic methodologies that determine the efficacy of the core elements.

References

  1. Ong, C. (1994). Alley cropping ecological pie in the sky? Agroforestry Today., 6(3), 8–10.Google Scholar
  2. Perfecto, I., Rice, R. A., Greenberg, R., & Van der Voort, M. E. (1996). Shade coffee: A disappearing refuge for biodiversity. Bioscience, 46(8), 598–608.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Rao, M. R. (1986). Cereals in multiple cropping. In C. A. Francis (Ed.), Multiple cropping systems (pp. 96–132). New York: Macmillian Publishing, 383p.Google Scholar
  4. Seran, T. H., & Brintha, I. (2010). Review of maize based intercropping. Journal of Agronomy, 9, 136–145.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Wojtkowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad de ConcepciónPittsfieldUSA

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