Technical Barriers and Socioeconomic Challenges

  • Ana Pires
  • Graça Martinho
  • Susana Rodrigues
  • Maria Isabel Gomes


Solid waste collection and its management are an increasing issue in cities in the future, where the urban population is still growing and consumption patterns are changing all the time. Strategies implemented at developed countries to solve waste collection and management issues are different from developing countries, and those differences need to be detailed to better understand the barriers to the implementation of sustainable waste collection and management in both socioeconomic backgrounds. In this chapter analysis of challenges to sustainable waste collection and management in developing and developed countries will be conducted to better improve the application of this new paradigm in the next decades.


Developing countries Developed countries Environmental impacts Industrial countries Informal sector Separate collection Social impacts Waste management system 


  1. Ahmed AS, Ali M (2004) Partnerships for solid waste management in developing countries: linking theories to realities. Habitat Int 28:467–479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al-Khatib IA, Kontogianni S, Nabaa HA, Alshami N, Al-Sari’ MI (2015) Public perception of hazardousness caused by current trends of municipal solid waste management. Waste Manag 36:323–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aparcana S (2017) Approaches to formalization of the informal waste sector into municipal solid waste management systems in low- and middle-income countries: review of barriers and success factors. Waste Manag 61:593–607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Basile A, Loppi S, Piscopo M, Paoli L, Vannini A, Monaci F, Sorbo S, Lentini M, Esposito S (2017) The biological response chain to pollution: a case study from the “Italian Triangle of Death” assessed with the liverwort Lunularia cruciate. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:26185–26193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baud I, Grafakos S, Hordijk M, Post J (2001) Quality of life and alliances in solid waste management: contributions to urban sustainable development. Cities 18:3–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brix-Asala C, Hahn R, Seuring S (2016) Reverse logistics and informal valorisation at the Base of the Pyramid: a case study on sustainability synergies and trade-offs. Eur Manag J 34:414–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buenrostro O, Bocco G (2003) Solid waste management in municipalities in Mexico: goals and perspectives. Resour Conserv Recycl 39:251–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. do Carmo MS, de Oliveira JAP (2010) The Semantics of Garbage and the organization of the recyclers: implementation challenges for establishing recycling cooperatives in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Resour Conserv Recycl 54:1261–1268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Colombjin F, Morbidini M (2017) Pros and cons of the formation of waste-pickers’ cooperatives: a comparison between Brazil and Indonesia. Decision 44:91–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. European Commission (2013) Keeping track of WEEE Eco-Innovation at the heart of European policies Accessed 10 Mar 2018
  11. Fei F, Qu L, Wen Z, Xue Y, Zhang H (2016) How to integrate the informal recycling system into municipal solid waste management in developing countries: based on a China’s case in Suzhou urban area. Resour Conserv Recycl 110:74–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gu Y, Wu Y, Xu M, Wang H, Zuo T (2016) The stability and profitability of the informal WEEE collector in developing countries: a case study of China. Resour Conserv Recycl 107:18–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guerrero LA, Maas G, Hogland W (2013) Solid waste management challenges for cities in developing countries. Waste Manag 33:220–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gundupalli S, Hait S, Thakur A (2017) A review on automated sorting of source-separated municipal solid waste for recycling. Waste Manag 60:56–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hannan MA, Al Mamun MA, Hussain A, Basri H (2015) A review on technologies and their usage in solid waste monitoring and management systems: issues and challenges. Waste Manag 43:509–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Harriss-White B (2010) Work and wellbeing in informal economies: the regulative roles of institutions of identity and the state. World Dev 38:170–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Heeks R, Subramanian L, Jones C (2015) Understanding e-waste management in developing countries: strategies, determinants, and policy implications in the Indian ICT sector. Inf Technol Dev 21:653–667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hennebert P, Papin A, Padox JM, Hasebrouck B (2013) The evaluation of an analytical protocol for the determination of substances in waste for hazard classification. Waste Manag 33:1577–1588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ikhlayel M (2018) An integrated approach to establish e-waste management systems for developing countries. J Clean Prod 170:119–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (2011) Viability of sharing facilities for the disposition of spent fuel and nuclear waste: an assessment of recent proposals. IAEA, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  21. Kurniawan A (2018) Learning AWS IoT. Packt Publishing, BirminghamGoogle Scholar
  22. Laner D, Fellner J, Brunner PH (2009) Flooding of municipal solid waste landfills — an environmental hazard? Sci Total Environ 407:3674–3680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lee D, Offenhuber D, Duarte F, Biderman A, Ratti C (2018) Monitour: tracking global routes of electronic waste. Waste Manag 72:362–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lee S, Hur YG (2017) Waste heat recovery project Seoul Solution Accessed 10 Mar 2018
  25. Leung A, Cai ZW, Wong MH (2006) Environmental contamination from electronic waste recycling at Guiyu, southeast China. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 8:21–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lohri CR, Camenzind EJ, Zurbrügg C (2014) Financial sustainability in municipal solid waste management – costs and revenues in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. Waste Manag 34:542–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lu J-W, Chang NB, Liao L (2013) Environmental informatics for solid and hazardous waste management: advances, challenges, and perspectives. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 43(15):1557–1656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lu JW, Chang NB, Liao L, Liao MY (2017) Smart and green urban solid waste collection systems: advances, challenges, and perspectives. IEEE Syst J 11:2804–2817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Maiti SK, De S, Hazra T, Debsarkar A, Dutta A (2016) Characterization of leachate and its impact on surface and groundwater quality of a closed dumpsite - a case study at Dhapa, Kolkata, India. Procedia Environ Sci 35:391–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Marshall RE, Farahbakhsh K (2013) Systems approaches to integrated solid waste management in developing countries. Waste Manag 33:988–1003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mavropoulos A, Cohen P, Greedy D, Plimakis S, Marinheiro L, Law J, Loureiro A (2016) A roadmap for closing waste dumpsites: the world’s most polluted places ISWA report Accessed 12 Mar 2018
  32. Medina M (2000) Scavenger cooperatives in Asia and Latin America. Resour Conserv Recycl 31:51–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mirata M, Emtairah T (2005) Industrial symbiosis networks and the contribution to environmental innovation: the case of the Landskrona industrial symbiosis programme. J Clean Prod 13:993–1002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Moghadam MRA, Mokhtarani N, Mokhtarani B (2009) Municipal solid waste management in Rasht City Iran. J Waste Manag 29:485–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Muller M, Hoffman L (2001) Community partnerships in integrated sustainable waste management – tools for decision-makers experiences from the urban waste expertise programme (1995-2001). WASTE, GoudaGoogle Scholar
  36. Neuman M (2011) Infrastructure planning for sustainable cities. Geogr Helv 66:100–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Nnorom IC, Osibanjo O (2008) Overview of electronic waste (e-waste) management practices and legislations, and their poor applications in the developing countries. Resour Conserv Recycl 52:843–858CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Oteng-Ababio M (2012) The role of the informal sector in solid waste management in the GAMA; Ghana: challenges and opportunities. J Econ Social Geogr 103:412–425Google Scholar
  39. Otoniel BD, Márquez-Benavides L, Pinette GF (2008) Consumption patterns and household hazardous solid waste generation in an urban settlement in México. Waste Manag 28:S2–S6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Posch A, Agarwal A, Strachan P (2011) Editorial: managing industrial symbiosis (IS) networks. Bus Strateg Environ 20:421–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ray MR, Roychoudhury S, Mukherjee S, Siddique S, Banerjee M, Akolkar AB, Sengupta B, Lahiri T (2009) Airway inflammation and upregulation of beta2 Mac-1 integrin expression on circulating leukocytes of female ragpickers in India. J Occup Health 51:232–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Ray MR, Roychoudhury S, Mukherjee G, Roy S, Lahiri T (2005) Respiratory and general health impairments of workers employed in a municipal solid waste disposal at an open landfill site in Delhi. Int J Hyg Environ Health 208:255–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Robinson BH (2009) E-waste: an assessment of global production and environmental impacts. Sci Total Environ 408:183–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rodic L (2015) Waste governance. In: Wilson DC (ed) Global waste management outlook. United National Environment Programme, Osaka, pp 125–202Google Scholar
  45. Schott ABS, Aspegren H, Bissmont M, JLC J (2013) Modern solid waste management in practice - the city of Malmö experience, Briefs in applied sciences and technology. Springer, Greven, DeutschlandCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Senior K, Mazza A (2004) Italian “triangle of death” linked to waste crisis. Lancet Oncol 5:525–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Shekdar A (2009) Sustainable solid waste management: an integrated approach for Asian countries. Waste Manag 29:1438–1448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Singh J (2010) Different methods in solid waste management. In: Singh J, Ramanathan A (eds) Solid waste management: present and future challenges. IK International Publishing House, New Delhi, pp 84–89Google Scholar
  49. Sthiannopkao S, Wong M (2013) Handling e-waste in developed and developing countries: initiatives, practices, and consequences. Sci Total Environ 463-464:1147–1153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Tongesayi T, Kugara J, Tongesayi S (2018) Waste dumpsites and public health: a case for lead exposure in Zimbabwe and potential global implications. Environ Geochem Health 40:375–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Vij D (2012) Urbanization and solid waste management in India: present practices and future challenges. Procedia - Soc Behav Sci 37:437–447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wilson DC, Velis C, Cheeseman C (2006) Role of informal sector recycling in waste management in developing countries. Habitat Int 30:797–808CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. World Bank (2017) Solid waste management. Urban development. Accessed 10 Mar 2018
  54. Ziraba AK, Haregu TN, Mberu B (2016) A review and framework for understanding the potential impact of poor solid waste management on health in developing countries. Arch Public Health 74:55CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Pires
    • 1
  • Graça Martinho
    • 1
  • Susana Rodrigues
    • 1
  • Maria Isabel Gomes
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Sciences and TechnologyUniversidade NOVA de Lisboa (FCT NOVA)CaparicaPortugal

Personalised recommendations