Assessment and Improvement

  • Ana Pires
  • Graça Martinho
  • Susana Rodrigues
  • Maria Isabel Gomes


Today’s environmental concerns are related to the population and its consumption of resources, which have led to significant ecological global changes, such as climate change and resources overexploitation. The solid waste management, in an integrated way, has been capable of influencing and contributing to the solution of such challenges. The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the assessment and improvement of the waste collection system by using life cycle thinking, with a sustainable perspective. Several methodologies such as life cycle assessment, carbon footprint, life cycle costing, and social life cycle assessment will be presented and discussed concerning its application to waste collection systems and contribution to the integrated waste management system.


LCA Social LCA LCC Environmental impacts Public participation Behavior studies 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Pires
    • 1
  • Graça Martinho
    • 1
  • Susana Rodrigues
    • 1
  • Maria Isabel Gomes
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Sciences and TechnologyUniversidade NOVA de Lisboa (FCT NOVA)CaparicaPortugal

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