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The Epidemiology of Medical Diseases and Associated Behavioral Risk Factors

  • Sarah Lindeman
  • Jon Nolan
  • Alexandros Maragakis
Chapter

Abstract

Drastic improvements in public health paired with advancements in medicine have lowered infant mortality and significantly boosted the average life span (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2003). As a result, many of the challenges healthcare professionals face have shifted from the treatment of acute illnesses to a focus on the management and prevention of chronic disease (CDC, 2003, 2013). This is partially due to the fact that outbreaks of deadly communicable diseases have been greatly reduced, such as tuberculosis, small pox, and measles. Simultaneously, increased rates of noncommunicable, chronic conditions, as a result of longer life spans and problematic lifestyles, have led to new areas of foci for healthcare professionals.

Keywords

Epidemiology Chronic disease Behavioral health Health risk factors Behavioral risk factors 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Lindeman
    • 1
  • Jon Nolan
    • 1
  • Alexandros Maragakis
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology and CounselingUniversity of Central ArkansasConwayUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyEastern Michigan UniversityYpsilantiUSA

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