Smoking Cessation in the Context of Integrated Care

  • Brandon T. Sanford


According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, 15 out of every 100 (15.1%) US adults smoke cigarettes (2014). At the time of this writing, that equates to approximately 36.8 million Americans. Of course, the prevalence of smoking is not evenly distributed across gender, geographic location, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Cigarette smoking is more prevalent among males (16.7%) as compared to females (13.7%; Jamal, 2016), as well as those living in the south and midwestern areas of the USA (Dwyer-Lindgren et al., 2014). Smoking prevalence and tobacco consumption rates are also significantly higher among those lower in socioeconomic status (Casetta et al., 2016; Nagelhout et al., 2012), a trend that is unfortunately widening over time, particularly for females. With regard to ethnicity, those who identify as American Indian/Alaska Native are significantly more likely to smoke (21.9%), compared to those identifying as non-Hispanic white (16.6%), non-Hispanic black (16.7%), or Hispanic (10.1%; Jamal, 2016). US military veterans are also significantly more likely to smoke (Brown, 2010).


Smoking cessation Program development 5 As Tobacco cessation Stepped care 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brandon T. Sanford
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nevada, RenoRenoUSA

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