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Substance Use Disorders

  • Laura Orsolini
  • Gabriele Duccio Papanti
  • Cesario Bellantuono
  • Domenico De Berardis
  • Fabrizio Schifano
Chapter

Abstract

Epidemiological data revealed an increasing consume of both ‘legal’ (i.e. tobacco, alcohol) and illegal substances amongst women of childbearing age, during the last decades, with a subsequent increasing risk of teratogenesis and perinatal complications for foetus of pregnant women exposed to substances of abuse/misuse. The early identification and management of women at risk of substance use disorders (SUDs) in pregnancy may help clinicians in promptly applying specifically targeted harm reduction interventions. The present chapter aims at providing a comprehensive overview on birth defects, foetal malformations, teratogenic risk and perinatal complications related to the consumption of cannabinoids, opioids and psychostimulant drugs during pregnancy. Practical recommendations on how to manage a pregnant woman with a SUD (with and/or without a comorbid psychiatric disorder) have been as well here provided, from a pharmacological and nonpharmacological point of view.

Keywords

Substance use disorders Pregnancy Perinatal period Cannabinoids Cocaine Opioids Substances 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura Orsolini
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gabriele Duccio Papanti
    • 2
  • Cesario Bellantuono
    • 4
  • Domenico De Berardis
    • 3
    • 5
    • 6
  • Fabrizio Schifano
    • 2
  1. 1.KOS Care S.r.L., Neomesia Mental HealthVilla Jolanda HospitalSciscianoItaly
  2. 2.Psychopharmacological, Drug Misuse and Novel Psychoactive Substances Research UnitSchool of Life and Medical Sciences, University of HertfordshireHatfieldUK
  3. 3.Polyedra ResearchTeramoItaly
  4. 4.DeGra Clinic for Perinatal Mental DisordersVeronaItaly
  5. 5.NHS, Department of Mental Health, Psychiatric Service of Diagnosis and TreatmentHospital “G. Mazzini”TeramoItaly
  6. 6.Department of Neurosciences and ImagingUniversity “G. D’Annunzio”ChietiItaly

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