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Electricigens: Role and Prominence in Microbial Fuel Cell Performance

  • Deepika Jothinathan
  • Prabhakaran Mylsamy
  • L. Benedict Bruno
Chapter

Abstract

Microorganisms play a vital role in the electron transfer in the anodic chamber. These microbes achieve this via various mechanisms, namely, direct electron transfer and indirect electron transfer. Electricigens are the microbes that are capable of transferring electrons to the anode. Predominant microbes that are studied in the microbial fuel cell (MFC) are Geobacter sp. and Shewanella sp. because of their high-power output. There has been a steep increase in the number of research articles published in the recent years concentrating on different bacterial families in the MFC. Each microbe has been studied in detail, and their electron transfer mechanisms, power output and behaviour inside the anodic chamber have been explored. This has provided a pavement for the future researchers to work on different aspects of the microorganisms. Even the techniques for studying the biofilm nature, electrochemical activity and power output have developed much, and this has aided the scientists to do the investigation in a broader spectrum.

Keywords

Microorganism Electron transfer Anodic chamber 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Dr. J. Deepika is very much thankful to the Head of the Department, Department of Life Sciences, Central University of Tamil Nadu, for motivating her in writing the chapter. Dr. L. Benedict Bruno thankfully acknowledges the Science and Engineering Board, National Postdoctoral fellowship Scheme (Grant No.PDF/2017/001074), for financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deepika Jothinathan
    • 1
  • Prabhakaran Mylsamy
    • 2
  • L. Benedict Bruno
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Life SciencesCentral University of Tamil NaduThiruvarurIndia
  2. 2.Post Graduate and Research Department of BotanyPachaiyappa’s CollegeChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Environmental SciencesBharathiar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia

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