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Fungal Fuel Cells: Nature’s Perpetual Energy Resource

  • Lavanyasri Rathinavel
  • Deepika Jothinathan
  • Santos D. Chicas
  • Prabhakaran Mylsamy
Chapter

Abstract

Day by day the demand for petroleum products has been increasing greatly and the difficulty raised because it has given rise to different kinds of problem such as heavy pollution, thus leading to be a cause of global warming. This lays a strong reason for the researchers to find the alternative source of energy and reduce the risk associated with it by developing new technologies. In recent times, the biofuel cells have been trending as a source of bioenergy production. Many different kinds of small devices and large-scale industrial equipment have been designed and are applied in various industries. Yet, the permanent solution hasn’t been found. But the various researches in biofuels have given rise to many valuable results that are enormously applicable to various kinds of industries based on their production and utility. At the midst of microbial fuel cells, algal fuel cells, and combinatorial bacterial algal fuel cell, recently fungal cultures and strains have been used in the fuel cells giving rise to a new kind of fungal fuel cell with many advantages and challenges. This chapter will discuss about the different kinds of fungi species used in microbial fuel cells. The methods of fungi culturing and maintaining are discussed along with the incorporation of the fungal cultures in fuel cells that is applied in various industries for biodegradation, bioremediation and bioenergy production. The construction methods to imply the fungal cultures differ in the mode of application. So far, very few researchers have designed and constructed MFCs by altering the anodes and cathode by creating bio-anodes and bio-cathodes, with fungal biofilm around the anode electrodes and air-cathode electrodes. This chapter will give you a detailed vision in applying the fungal cultures in different forms in the MFC so that the upcoming researchers can optimise the standards even better than are achieved so far.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lavanyasri Rathinavel
    • 1
  • Deepika Jothinathan
    • 2
  • Santos D. Chicas
    • 3
  • Prabhakaran Mylsamy
    • 1
  1. 1.Post Graduate and Research Department of BotanyPachaiyappa’s CollegeChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Life SciencesCentral University of Tamil NaduThiruvarurIndia
  3. 3.Faculty of Sciences and TechnologyUniversity of BelizeBelmopan Central CampusBelize

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