Future Perspectives on Cost-Effective Microbial Fuel Cells in Rural Areas

  • C. Nagendranatha Reddy
  • M. P. Sudhakar
  • Booki Min
  • P. Shanmugam


To meet the global energy demand, green and sustainable technologies that generate renewable energy are needed. Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is an emerging and potential technology that meets the energy demand with an integrated effort to promote and resolve the stand-alone energy generation. Waste to energy is an alternate technique to afford cost-effective and environment-friendly solution for the rural community in terms of sewage effluent treatment and bioelectricity generation all-round the year.


Microbial fuel cell (MFC); Bioelectricity generation; Rural development; Cost-effective substrates; Wastewater treatment 



We thank the Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute, Chennai, India and Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Kyung Hee University, The Republic of Korea (Research grants from National Research Foundation of Korea (2015R1D1A1A09059935; 2018R1A2B6001507) and Korea-India S & T Co-operation Program (2016K1A3A1A19945953)) for constant support and encouragement for reviewing this chapter for the benefit of the society.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Nagendranatha Reddy
    • 1
  • M. P. Sudhakar
    • 2
  • Booki Min
    • 1
  • P. Shanmugam
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringKyung Hee UniversityYongin-siRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringCSIR-Central Leather Research InstituteChennaiIndia

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