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Advances in Concurrent Bioelectricity Generation and Bioremediation Through Microbial Fuel Cells

  • Bikash Kumar
  • Komal Agrawal
  • Nisha Bhardwaj
  • Venkatesh Chaturvedi
  • Pradeep VermaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Increasing population, industrialization and urbanization has led to two most persistent problems for modern world, i.e. energy crisis and waste disposal. Microbial fuel cell (MFC) has emerged as a technique for the generation of electricity under the influence of the metabolic action of microbes. The technique is known since 100 years, but in the last two decades, the research group have shown keen interest in this technique as it is capable of solving energy crisis and waste management. Researchers have designed several types of MFCs which are capable of utilizing several waste materials such as lignocellulose biomass, toxic chemicals, polluted sediment soils, sewage sludge and petroleum hydrocarbons, etc. The substrate can be used under the influence of large group of microbes for generating energy which can be harnessed to meet the growing energy demand. In present the efforts of several research groups and technological advancement has made this technology affordable and cost-effective. This chapter focus on presenting recent technological developments in the MFC for concurrent bioelectricity generation and bioremediation with special focus on type of electrodes materials, substrates and various designs of MFC used for bioremediation. It also gives an insight into the economic feasibility of the technique for commercialization and future prospect of the technology.

Keywords

Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) Bio-electricity Bioremediation Cathodic Anodic 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors acknowledge the financial support provided by Central University of Rajasthan, Ajmer, India.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bikash Kumar
    • 1
  • Komal Agrawal
    • 1
  • Nisha Bhardwaj
    • 1
  • Venkatesh Chaturvedi
    • 2
  • Pradeep Verma
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Bioprocess and Bioenergy Laboratory, Department of MicrobiologyCentral University of RajasthanAjmerIndia
  2. 2.SMW College, MG Kashi VidyapeethVaranasiIndia

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