Surgery Versus Observation for Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma

  • Shi Lam
  • Brian H. H. LangEmail author
Part of the Difficult Decisions in Surgery: An Evidence-Based Approach book series (DDSURGERY)


Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common malignancy arising from the follicular cells and its age-adjusted incidence has doubled over the past two decades. As a result, it imposes a cost burden to the society in general. However, despite the rapid rise in incidence, the actual mortality (or the chance of dying) from PTC has remained relatively unchanged in the same period.


Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryThe University of Hong KongHong Kong SARChina
  2. 2.Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of SurgeryQueen Mary HospitalHong Kong SARChina

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