Arrhythmias Induction and Energy Drinks
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Energy drinks have become a widely popular choice among consumers and are marketed as caffeinated beverages that enhance attention, athletic performance, and short-term cognition. These drinks, with their high-sugar mixtures and additives promising performance-enhancing capabilities packaged in a palatable formula, have seen tremendous growth in the dietary supplement industry, particularly aimed at the young adult population. A recent comprehensive assessment on the impact and growth of the energy drink industry in the United States since 2002 has demonstrated a 500% growth rate over 5 years with such beverages accounting for over half of the functional beverage market in America. However, shortly after their introduction into the market, reports of highly deleterious effects of these beverages on the cardiovascular system including sudden cardiac death swept the media in several high-profile cases, allegedly in connection with consumption of large amounts of energy drinks. This chapter intends to analyze the scientific basis of such claims, to analyze the various components of energy drinks and to determine the preponderance of evidence demonstrating the arrhythmogenic effects of energy drinks.
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