Enacting Diversity in American Higher Education

  • Naejin KwakEmail author
  • S. Gabriela Gavrila
  • Francisco O. Ramirez
Part of the Public Sector Organizations book series (PSO)


This chapter examines the extent to which commitment to diversity is prevalent in contemporary American higher education. In human capital and social mobility theories, higher education plays a key role in empowering individuals, which in turn has led to the celebration of an expanded and inclusive higher education system. Accordingly, universities have changed their formal structures to promote diversity on campus. This study analyzes such change reflected in (1) the establishment of a diversity office and (2) the appointment of a senior-level diversity officer for a nationally representative sample of 236 universities, together with 28 elite universities. The findings provide little evidence of sectorial or regional difference. The highly elite institutions in the United States, however, have adopted these organizational features to a greater extent. (125 words)


Diversity Inclusion Diversity office Chief diversity officer Professionalization 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naejin Kwak
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Gabriela Gavrila
    • 1
  • Francisco O. Ramirez
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of EducationStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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