Copper Nucleation on Nickel from Pyrophosphate-Based Polyligand Electrolyte

  • Antonnia Maizelis
  • Boris Bairachniy
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 214)


The process of electrochemical nucleation and growth of copper nuclei on nickel substrate from weak alkaline polyligand pyrophosphate-ammonia electrolyte was studied by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. The parameters of the processes are determined using the mathematical model of the mechanism of instantaneous nucleation and growth of two-dimensional and three-dimensional nuclei. It is shown that when the cathode potential is increased above − 0.8, the height of the 2D layer of copper nuclei and the number of simultaneously formed 3D nuclei significantly increase. This leads to the formation of continuous copper films of minimal thickness. This is especially important in the formation of multilayer coatings containing not only copper layers but also layers of copper alloys with more electronegative metals.



The publication contains the results of studies conducted by presidents of Ukraine grant for competitive projects No. F70/18701 of the State Fund for Fundamental Research and by project of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonnia Maizelis
    • 1
  • Boris Bairachniy
    • 1
  1. 1.National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”KharkivUkraine

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