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Structure and Electrical/Dielectric Properties of Ion-Conductive Polymer Composites Based on Aliphatic Epoxy Resin and Lithium Perchlorate Salt

  • Liubov K. Matkovska
  • Maksym V. Iurzhenko
  • Yevgen P. Mamunya
  • Valeriy Demchenko
  • Gisele Boiteux
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 214)

Abstract

Nowadays, one of the most important research directions in development and creation of functional polymeric materials is a search of new solid electroactive polymers with high ionic conductivity at elevated temperatures. Particularly, the widening range of materials, which can be used for this purpose, is relevant. The present work is concerned with hybrid amorphous polymers synthesized basing on epoxy oligomer of diglycide aliphatic ester of polyethylene glycol (DEG-1) that was cured by polyethylene polyamine and lithium perchlorate salt. Structural peculiarities of the synthesized polymer composites were studied by differential scanning calorimetry, wide-angle X-ray spectra, infrared spectroscopic, scanning electron microscopy, elemental analysis, and transmission and reflective optical microscopy. The presence of ether oxygen in DEG-1 macromolecules provides a transfer mechanism of the lithium cations with the ether oxygen similar to polyethylene oxide. Thus, the obtained hybrid polymers have high values of ionic conductivity σ′ (approximately 10−3 S/cm) and permittivity ε′ (6 × 105) at elevated temperatures (200°С). On the one hand, the results showed that the introduction of LiClO4 salt into epoxy polymer leads to formation of the coordinative metal-polymer complexes of donor-acceptor type between central Li+ ion and ligand. On the other hand, the appearance of amorphous microinclusions, probably of inorganic nature was also found.

Keywords

Ion-conductive polymers Epoxy resin Lithium perchlorate Glass transition temperature Amorphous composite Coordinative complexes 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liubov K. Matkovska
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maksym V. Iurzhenko
    • 1
  • Yevgen P. Mamunya
    • 1
  • Valeriy Demchenko
    • 1
  • Gisele Boiteux
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of National Academy Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine
  2. 2.Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, Ingénierie des Matériaux Polymères, UMR CNRS 5223VilleurbanneFrance

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