Developing Self-confidence

  • Rick Hughes
  • Andrew Kinder
  • Cary L. Cooper


Self-confidence is a construct which is going to be different and unique for each of us. Someone who appears to be full of self-confidence might be quite different in reality. We can build up simple and effective masks which delude even the most seasoned observer into a clear mask of calmness, assuredness and self-confidence. Like a serene duck on the surface, we may be paddling our legs at a hundred miles an hour below the surface. Perception is a reality.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rick Hughes
    • 1
  • Andrew Kinder
    • 2
  • Cary L. Cooper
    • 3
  1. 1.AberdeenUK
  2. 2.LondonUK
  3. 3.Manchester Business SchoolUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK

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