In the introduction, Bobo Lo argues that there are two main lines of arguments studying the Sino-Russian relationship—one that accentuates the converging trends in the relationship, and the skeptics emphasizing the counter-narrative of continued contradictions. He notes that it is important to bridge the gap between rhetoric presented by Beijing and Moscow, and the reality of policy implementation on the ground. Lo further argues that the Sino-Russian partnership has to be examined not only through their bilateral relationship, but in the wider context of international affairs, and that the growing asymmetry between China as a fast rising power and Russia as one in decline creates new challenges in the relationship. The introduction finally outlines the main topics analyzed by the respective contributors in the volume.


China Russia Sino-Russian relations Strategic partnership Vladimir Putin Xi Jinping Foreign policy International system 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bobo Lo
    • 1
  1. 1.BrightonUK

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