Medieval and Early Modern Music
From the end of the Roman Empire to the beginnings of Baroque music, the Middle Ages and Renaissance—periods closely associated with each other—produced a wealth of music for unaccompanied voices, choruses, and instruments of various kinds. In a chapter devoted to both Medieval and early modern performance practices, Benjamin Bagby examines the origins of “bardic” music, often associated with the so-called “Dark Ages.” William P. Mahrt examines the formation of medieval chant practices and explains that Gregorian chat is alive and well today. Emma Kirkby and Julian Bream explain other developments, including the lute song and vocal practices during the earliest years of opera. Judith Malafronte also discusses early opera as well as the early music movement and its concern with performances practices, while Kirkby also discusses Renaissance and early Baroque dance.