Preoperative Diagnostic Procedures

  • Dietrich Klauwer
  • Christian Jux


Chapter 13 describes the structured pediatric cardiac examination of a patient before an elective cardiovascular intervention. Systematic and targeted clinical- and apparatus-guided assessment is mandatory to allow a correct and full set of diagnostic procedures. The results should provide the most timely, reliable, and effective possible pharmacological, catheter interventional, or surgical treatment. Analysis by means of a classification of heart defects according to functional viewpoints helps engender a regular, pathophysiologically based, pediatric cardiology mindset and avoid typical pitfalls.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dietrich Klauwer
    • 1
  • Christian Jux
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Singen Medical Center, Gesundheitsverbund Landkreis KonstanzKrankenhausbetriebsgesellschaft Hegau-Bodensee-KlinikumSingenGermany
  2. 2.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Pediatric Heart Center of Giessen, Children’s Heart Transplantation Center, UKGM GmbHGiessenGermany

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