Perspectives on Fraud and Corruption in the Future
Corruption has existed ever since antiquity as one of the worst and, at the same time, most widespread forms of behavior which is inimical to the administration of public affairs when indulged in by public officials and elected representatives. In the last hundred years, it has come to encompass behavior within the purely private domain.
Gilinskiy (Crime and deviance: Russian survey. Baltic University of Ecology, Politics and Law, St. Petersburg, 2009), a prominent professor of sociology and criminology and professor of the Saint Petersburg Judicial Institute, contends that, while definitions of corruption vary, making it difficult to select one that is appropriate for all situations, there is no disagreement that some corruption permeates all of the sectors of a country, including all levels of government, public service agencies, the business enterprise, educational institutions, and other private organizations. The same conclusion was reached by William J. Chambliss in his research titled “On the Take” (Chambliss, On the take: From petty crooks to presidents. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN, 1988).
In this chapter, the predominant types of corruption are identified and the ways corruption is manifested are identified. In addition, the sociological foundations of corruption are analyzed in the context of the cultural traditions of a country in which the corruption is manifested. The changes in the methods used by those who instigate corruption and fraud are considered, with particular focus on the Internet, as well as the methods used by government and private agencies to prevent corruption and fraud.
KeywordsCorruption Fraud Forms of corruption Sociological models of corruption Organized crime White-collar crime Internet
- Albanese, J. (1995). White collar crime in America. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
- Andreescu, V., & Malme, B. (2010). The challenge of transnational and organized crime in the Nordic countries: The case of Norway. In C. Roberson, D. Das, & J. Singer (Eds.), Police without borders:The fading distinction between local and global (pp. 241–259). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Berger, P., & Luckman, T. (1967). The social construction of reality. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
- Bassiouni, M., & Gualtieri, D. (1997). International and national responses to the globalization of money laundering. In Responding to money laundering: International perspectives (pp. 107–187). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Harwood Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
- Chambliss, W. (1988). On the take: From petty crooks to presidents (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
- Edelbaher, M., & Kratcoski, P. (2010). Protecting the borders in a global society: An Austrian and American perspective. In J. Winterdyk & J. Sundberg (Eds.), Border security in the Al Qaeda era (pp. 77–120). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group.Google Scholar
- Gilinskiy, Y. (2009). Crime and deviance: Russian survey. St. Petersburg: Baltic University of Ecology, Politics and Law.Google Scholar
- Heidenheimer, A., Jojnston, M., & LeVine, V. (1989). Political corrupton: A handbook. Neew Brunwich, NJ: Transaction Pub.(third printing).Google Scholar
- Kratcoski, P. (2012). Legislative and programming initiatives to prevent and control financial crimes in the United States. In M. Edelbacher, P. Kratcoski, & M. Theil (Eds.), Financial crimes: A threat to global security (pp. 373–392). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kratcoski, P., & Cebulak, W. (2000). Policing in democratic societies: An historical overview. In D. Das & O. Marenin (Eds.), Challenges of policing democracies: A world perspective (pp. 23–41). New York: Gorden and Breach Publishers.Google Scholar
- Kratcoski, P., & Kratcoski, L. (2010). Police without borders: An overview. In C. Roberson, D. Das, & J. Singer (Eds.), Police without borders: The fading distinction between locals and globals (pp. 1–26). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group.Google Scholar
- Legal Dictionary-Free Dictionary. (2017). Fraud-legal definition of fraud, pp. 1–5. http://legal-dictionary.the freedictionary.com/Fraud. Retrieved 9/18/2017.Google Scholar
- Meissntzer, M. (2016). Construction Mafia?: Social fraud and organized crime- the Austrian perspective. In M. Edelbacher, P. Kratcoski, & B. Dobovsek (Eds.), Corruption, fraud, organized crime and the shadow economy (pp. 91–96). Bocan Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group.Google Scholar
- Plywaczewski, E. (2000). The challenges of policing democracy in Poland. In D. Das & O. Marenin (Eds.), Challenges of policing democracies: A world perspective (pp. 143–172). New York: Gordon and Breach Publishers.Google Scholar
- Prenzler, T., Beckley, A., & Bronitt, S. (2013). Police gifts and benefits scandals: Addressing deficits in policy, leadership and enforcement. International Journal of Policy Science and Management, 15(4), 94–304.Google Scholar
- Shipkowski, B. (2018). N.J. Governor known as too honest for mob. Akron Beacon Journal, B4.Google Scholar
- Transparency International. (2018). Our Organization. https://www.transparency.org/whoweare/organization. Retrieved 1/18/2018.