Fraud Examiners in Private Investigations of White-Collar Crime

  • Petter Gottschalk


While being like any other investigation concerned with the past, investigating white-collar crime has its specific aspects and challenges. For example, while street criminals typically hide themselves, white-collar criminals only hide their crime. Often when suspicions of white-collar crime occur, business and government organizations hire fraud examiners to conduct internal investigations. Their findings are typically documented in reports of investigations. In this chapter, we stress the importance of the client evaluating investigation work upon receipt of an investigation report. Evaluation is a systematic study of work done or work in progress. Evaluation is an objective assessment of activities. Evaluation implies assessing or estimating the value of something. Evaluation involves analyzing to determine if the investigation did what it was intended to do and if the investigation had expected impact.


White-collar crime Certified fraud examiners Certified financial crime specialists Financial crime Internal investigations Investigative thinking styles (fraud) Investigative complexity 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BI Norwegian Business SchoolOsloNorway

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