Site-Specific Considerations: Vascular Tumors and Vascular Malformations of the Ear
Vascular tumors and malformations can involve all parts of the ear from the auricle to the internal auditory canal. The clinical approach to each lesion varies greatly depending upon which anatomic unit of the ear is involved. For the purpose of this discussion, we will divide the ear anatomically into the auricle, the external auditory canal and tympanic membrane, the middle ear, and the inner ear and internal auditory canal. These lesions are not common, and the current literature is limited to case reports and series.
KeywordsLymphatic Hearing Hemangioma AVM Reconstruction Propranolol Surgery Infantile Ulceration
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- 21.***Wassef M, Blei F, Adams D, Alomari A, Baselga E, Berenstein A, Burrows P, Frieden IJ, Garzon MC, Lopez-Gutierrez JC, Lord DJ, Mitchel S, Powell J, Prendiville J, Vikkula M, ISSVA Board and Scientific Committee. Vascular anomalies classification: recommendations from the international society for the study of vascular anomalies. Pediatrics. 2015;136(1):e203–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar