A Fundamental Study Toward Development of a New Brain Computer Interface Using a Checker-Board Pattern Reversal Stimulation
The purpose of this study is to investigate the spectral changes of electroencephalogram (EEG) toward development of a new Brain Computer Interface (BCI) for disabled people with verbal communication disorders such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). In this study, an experiment using EEG recordings was carried out in nine healthy adult volunteers. Periodically reversing checker-board stimuli with two kinds of frequencies (5, 15 Hz) were used to observe users’ selective attention from EEG spectral changes. The stimuli were displayed in two different ways, independently displayed and simultaneously displayed, on the LCD of a personal computer. Volunteers were instructed to attend either 5, 15 Hz or neither of the reversing stimulus during EEG recordings. Obtained EEG data were analyzed by FFT and those power spectra were calculated. As a result, two different frequencies reversal stimuli generated peak of EEG spectrum with attended stimulus frequency. However, the peak generated by 5 Hz stimulus was somehow bigger than that of 15 Hz stimulus due to individual differences. To obtain the comparable height of EEG spectral peaks, the compensate procedure to reduce the sensitivity difference between the two frequencies for each person is required. From a comparison of the EEG power spectral structures, subjective binary decision (5 or 15 Hz reversal stimuli) could be discriminated objectively. Utilizing this phenomenon, EEG based BCI for subjective selection extraction can be constructed. Some problems of feasibility of this method as a BCI were also discussed.
KeywordsElectroencephalogram (EEG) Brain Computer Interface (BCI) Checker board pattern stimuli Welfare technology
- 1.Hasegawa, R.P.: Development of a cognitive BMI “neurocommunicator” as a communication aid of patients with severe motor deficits. Clin. Neurol. 11(53), 1402–1404 (2013). (in Japanese)Google Scholar
- 2.Dan, Z., et al.: Integrating the spatial profile of the N200 speller for asynchronous brain-computer interfaces. In: Annual International Conference of the IEEE in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC (2011)Google Scholar
- 4.Punsawad, Y., Wongsawat,Y.: Motion visual stimulus for SSVEP-based BCI system. In: 34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, San Diego, California USA, 28 August–1 September 2012, pp. 3837–3840 (2016)Google Scholar
- 5.Nishifuji, S., Kuroda, T., Tanaka, S.: SSVEP-based BCI in Terms of EEG Change Associated with Mental Focusing to Photic Stimuli, ABML 2011, 2011/11/3–5, Tokyo, Shibaura Institute of Technology (2011). (in Japanese)Google Scholar
- 6.Kimura, T., Kumagai, Y., Hayasaka, Y., Ohshima, H., Kanai, N., Itoh, T., Tadokoro, H., Okamoto, K., Yamazaki, K.: A proposal for a new VEP based brain computer interface for disabled people – a fundamental study using an animal experimental model. In: IADIS International Conference Interfaces and Human Computer Interaction, pp. 319–321 (2012). (in Japanese)Google Scholar