Advertisement

The Life Cycle of Learning Factories for Competency Development

  • Michael Tisch
  • Eberhard Abele
  • Joachim Metternich
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter systematizes models and methods in the field of learning factories regarding the planning, the design, the evaluation, improvement, and remodeling of learning factories. All methods and models are structured along the learning factory life cycle starting from the customer requirements and the company goals until the remodeling of existing learning factory concepts.

References

  1. Abel, M., Czajkowski, S., Faatz, L., Metternich, J., & Tenberg, R. (2013). Kompetenzorientiertes Curriculum für Lernfabriken. Werkstattstechnik Online: Wt, 103(3), 240–245.Google Scholar
  2. Abele, E., Chryssolouris, G., Sihn, W., Metternich, J., ElMaraghy, H. A., Seliger, G., et al. (2017). Learning factories for future oriented research and education in manufacturing. CIRP Annals—Manufacturing Technology, 66(2), 803–826.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abele, E., Eichhorn, N., & Kuhn, S. (2007). Increase of productivity based on capability building in a learning factory. In Computer Integrated Manufacturing and High Speed Machining: 11th International Conference on Production Engineering, Zagreb (pp. 37–41).Google Scholar
  4. Abele, E., Metternich, J., Tenberg, R., Tisch, M., Abel, M., Hertle, C., et al. (2015). Innovative Lernmodule und -fabriken: Validierung und Weiterentwicklung einer neuartigen Wissensplattform für die Produktionsexzellenz von morgen. Darmstadt: tuprints.Google Scholar
  5. Abele, E., Tenberg, R., Wennemer, J., & Cachay, J. (2010). Kompetenzentwicklung in Lernfabriken für die Produktion. Zeitschrift für wirtschaftlichen Fabrikbetrieb (ZWF), 105(10), 909–913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Alliger, G. M., Tamnenbaum, S. I., Bennett, W., Jr., Traver, H., & Shotland, A. (1997). A meta-analysis of the relations among training criteria. Personnel Psychology, 50(2), 341–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Anderson, L. W., Krathwohl, D. R., & Airasian, P. W. (Eds.). (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A revision of bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives (Complete ed.). New York: Longman.Google Scholar
  8. Balve, P., & Albert, M. (2015). Project-based learning in production engineering at the Heilbronn learning factory. In 5th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 104–108.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Becker, F. G., Wittke, I., & Friske, V. (2010). “Happy Sheets”: Empirische Befragung von Bildungsträgern. Retrieved from http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn=urn:nbn:de:0070-bipr-48208.
  10. Becker, M. (2005). Systematische Personalentwicklung: Planung, Steuerung und Kontrolle im Funktionszyklus. Stuttgart: Schäffer-Poeschel.Google Scholar
  11. Bender, B., Kreimeier, D., Herzog, M., & Wienbruch, T. (2015). Learning factory 2.0—Integrated view of product development and production. In 5th CIRP-sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 98–103.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bloom, B. S., Engelhart, M. D., Furst, E. J., Hill, W. H., & Krathwohl, D. R. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals (Book I: Cognitive Domain). New York: McKay.Google Scholar
  13. Böhner, J., Weeber, M., Kuebler, F., & Steinhilper, R. (2015). Developing a learning factory to increase resource efficiency in composite manufacturing processes. In 5th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 64–69.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.05.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bommer, W. H., Johnson, L. J., Rich, G. A., Podsakoff, P. M., & Mackenzie, S. B. (1995). On the interchangeability of objective and subjective measures of employee performance: A meta-analysis. Personnel Psychology, 48(1), 587–605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Burlingame, G. M., Seaman, S., Johnson, J. E., Whipple, J., Richardson, E., Rees, F., et al. (2006). Sensitivity to change of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale- Extended (BPRS- E): An item and subscale analysis. Psychological Services, 3(2), 77–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Busse von Colbe, W., Lassmann, G., & Witte, F. (2015). Investitionstheorie und Investitionsrechnung (4., vollständig überarbeitete Auflage). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  17. Cachay, J., Wennemer, J., Abele, E., & Tenberg, R. (2012). Study on action-oriented learning with a learning factory approach. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 55, 1144–1153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Chomsky, N. (1962). Explanatory models in linguistics. In E. Nagel, P. Suppes, & A. Tarski (Eds.), Logic, methodology and philosophy of science (pp. 528–550). Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Clasen, H. (2010). Die Messung von Lernerfolg: Eine grundsätzliche Aufgabe der Evaluation von Lehr- bzw. Trainingsinterventionen (Dissertation). Dresden.Google Scholar
  20. Dagley, D. L., & Orso, J. K. (1991). Integrating summative, formative modes of evaluation. NASSP Bulletin, 75(536), 72–82.  https://doi.org/10.1177/019263659107553610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Dinkelmann, M. (2016). Methode zur Unterstützung der Mitarbeiterpartizipation im Change Management der variantenreichen Serienproduktion durch Lernfabriken (Dissertation). Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  22. Doch, S., Merkler, S., Straube, F., & Roy, D. (2015). Aufbau und Umsetzung einer Lernfabrik. Produktionsnahe Lean-Weiterbildung in der Prozess- und Pharmaindustrie [lit. trans.: Construction and implementation of a learning factory. Lean advanced training in the process and pharmaceutical industry.]. Industrie Management (03), 26–30.Google Scholar
  23. ElMaraghy, H. A., & ElMaraghy, W. (2015). Learning integrated product and manufacturing systems. In 5th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 19–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Elster, F., Dippl, Z., & Zimmer, G. (2003). Wer bestimmt den Lernerfolg? Leistungsbeurteilung in projektorientierten Lernarrangements. Bielefeld: Bertelsmann.Google Scholar
  25. Enke, J., Glass, R., & Metternich, J. (2017). Introducing a maturity model for learning factories. In 7th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia Manufacturing, 9, 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Enke, J., Kaiser, J., & Metternich, J. (2017b). Die Lernfabrik als Export-Erfolg. Zeitschrift für wirtschaftlichen Fabrikbetrieb (ZWF), 112(10), 644–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Enke, J., Kraft, K., & Metternich, J. (2015). Competency-oriented design of learning modules. In 5th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 7–12.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Enke, J., Metternich, J., Bentz, D., & Klaes, P.-J. (2018). Systematic learning factory improvement based on maturity level assessment. In 8th CIRP Conference on Learning Factories—Advanced Engineering Education & Training for Manufacturing Innovation (Vol. 23, pp. 51–56).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Enke, J., Tisch, M., & Metternich, J. (2016). Learning factory requirements analysis—Requirements of learning factory stakeholders on learning factories. In 5th CIRP Global Web Conference (CIRPe 2016). Procedia CIRP, 55, 224–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Erol, S., Jäger, A., Hold, P., Ott, K., & Sihn, W. (2016). Tangible industry 4.0: A scenario-based approach to learning for the future of production. In: 6th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 54, 13–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Erpenbeck, J., & von Rosenstiel, L. (2007). Handbuch Kompetenzmessung: Erkennen, verstehen und bewerten von Kompetenzen in der betrieblichen, pädagogischen und psychologischen Praxis (2., überarb. und erw. Aufl.). Stuttgart: Schäffer-Poeschel.Google Scholar
  32. Faller, C., & Feldmüller, D. (2015). Industry 4.0 learning factory for regional SMEs. In 5th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 88–91.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Gebbe, C., Hilmer, S., Götz, G., Lutter-Günther, M., Chen, Q., Unterberger, E., et al. (2015). Concept of the Green Factory Bavaria in Augsburg. In 5th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 53–57.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Gessler, M. (2005). Gestaltungsorientierte Evaluation und der Return on Investment von Weiterbildungsprogrammen. bwp@ (9), 1–25.Google Scholar
  35. Goerke, M., Schmidt, M., Busch, J., & Nyhuis, P. (2015). Holistic approach of lean thinking in learning factories. In 5th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 138–143.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Götze, U. (2014). Investitionsrechnung: Modelle und Analysen zur Beurteilung von Investitionsvorhaben (7. Aufl.). Springer-Lehrbuch. Berlin: Springer Gabler.Google Scholar
  37. Hambach, J., Diezemann, C., Tisch, M., & Metternich, J. (2016). Assessment of students’ lean competencies with the help of behavior video analysis—Are good students better problem solvers? In 5th CIRP Global Web Conference (CIRPe 2016). Procedia CIRP, 55, 230–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hanssen, S.-C. (2010). Bestimmung und Bewertung der Wirkungen von Informationssystemen (Dissertation).Google Scholar
  39. Harris, M. M., & Schaubroeck, J. (1988). A metaanalysis of self-supervisor, self-peer, and peer-supervisor ratings. Personnel Psychology, 41(1), 43–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hart, J. (2015). Modern workplace learning: A resource book for L&D. Corsham, Wiltshire, England: Centre for Learning & Performance Technologies.Google Scholar
  41. Heinrich, L. J., & Lehner, F. (2005). Informationsmanagement: Planung, Überwachung und Steuerung der Informationsinfrastruktur (8., vollst. überarb. und erg. Aufl.). Wirtschaftsinformatik. München, Wien: Oldenbourg.Google Scholar
  42. Hertle, C., Tisch, M., Kläs, H., & Metternich, J. (2016). Recording shop floor management competencies—A guideline for a systematic competency gap analysis. In 49th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems. Procedia CIRP, 57, 625–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Hummel, V., Hyra, K., Ranz, F., & Schuhmacher, J. (2015). Competence development for the holistic design of collaborative work systems in the logistics learning factory. In 5th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 76–81.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Jäger, A., Mayrhofer, W., Kuhlang, P., Matyas, K., & Sihn, W. (2012). The “Learning Factory”: An immersive learning environment for comprehensive and lasting education in industrial engineering. In 16th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, 16(2), 237–242.Google Scholar
  45. Jäger, A., Mayrhofer, W., Kuhlang, P., Matyas, K., & Sihn, W. (2013). Total immersion: Hands and heads-on training in a learning factory for comprehensive industrial engineering education. International Journal of Engineering Education, 29(1), 23–32.Google Scholar
  46. Jorgensen, J. E., Lamancusa, J. S., Zayas-Castro, J. L., & Ratner, J. (1995). The learning factory: Curriculum integration of design and manufacturing. In 4th World Conference on Engineering Education (pp. 1–7).Google Scholar
  47. Kaluza, A., Juraschek, M., Neef, B., Pittschellis, R., Posselt, G., Thiede, S., et al. (2015). Designing learning environments for energy efficiency through model scale production processes. In 5th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 41–46.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Kirkpatrick, D. L. (1998). Evaluating training programs: The four levels (2nd ed.). San Francisco, California: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.Google Scholar
  49. Kreitlein, S., Höft, A., Schwender, S., & Franke, J. (2015). Green factories Bavaria: A network of distributed learning factories for energy efficient production. In 5th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 58–63.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Krückhans, B., Wienbruch, T., Freith, S., Oberc, H., Kreimeier, D., & Kuhlenkötter, B. (2015). Learning factories and their enhancements—A comprehensive training concept to increase resource efficiency. In 5th CIRP-sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 47–52.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Lanza, G., Moser, E., Stoll, J., & Haefner, B. (2015). Learning factory on global production. In 5th CIRP-sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 120–125.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.081.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Lohaus, D., & Habermann, W. (2011). Weiterbildung im Mittelstand: Personalentwicklung und Bildungscontrolling in kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen. München: Oldenbourg.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Mabe, P. A., & West, S. G. (1982). Validity of self-evaluation of ability: A review and meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67(3), 280.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.67.3.280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Matt, D. T., Rauch, E., & Dallasega, P. (2014). Mini-factory—A learning factory concept for students and small and medium sized enterprises. In 47th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems. Procedia CIRP, 17, 178–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. McMillan, J. H. (1997). Classroom assessment: Principles and practice for effective instruction. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
  56. Metternich, J., Abele, E., & Tisch, M. (2013). Current activities and future challenges of the process learning factory CiP. In G. Reinhart, P. Schnellbach, C. Hilgert, & S. L. Frank (Eds.), 3rd Conference on Learning Factories, Munich, May 7th, 2013 (pp. 94–107). Augsburg.Google Scholar
  57. Nerdinger, F. W., Blickle, G., & Schaper, N. (2014). Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie: Mit 51 Tabellen (3., vollst. überarb. Aufl. 2014). Springer-Lehrbuch. Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Nöhring, F., Rieger, M., Erohin, O., Deuse, J., & Kuhlenkötter, B. (2015). An interdisciplinary and hands-on learning approach for industrial assembly systems. In 5th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 109–114.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Pedrazzoli, P., Rovere, D., Constantinescu, C., Bathelt, J., Pappas, M., Dépincé, P., et al. (2007). High value adding VR tools for networked customer-driven. In 4th International Conference on Digital Enterprise Technology (DET2007) (pp. 19–21).Google Scholar
  60. Pietzner, V. (2002). Lernkontrolle im “Vernetzten Studium Chemie”: Entwicklung und Evaluation eines Konzepts am Beispiel des Kapitels “Addition von Halogenen an Doppelbindungen” (Dissertation). Braunschweig.Google Scholar
  61. Pittich, D. (2014). Diagnostik fachlich-methodischer Kompetenzen. Wissenschaft (Vol. 37). Stuttgart: Fraunhofer IRB Verlag.Google Scholar
  62. Pittschellis, R. (2015). Multimedia support for learning factories. In 5th CIRP-sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 36–40.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.06.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Plorin, D. (2016). Gestaltung und Evaluation eines Referenzmodells zur Realisierung von Lernfabriken im Objektbereich der Fabrikplanung und des Fabrikbetriebes (Dissertation). Chemnitz. Wissenschaftliche Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Betriebswissenschaften und Fabriksysteme: Heft 120. Chemnitz: Technische Universität Institut für Betriebswissenschaften und Fabriksysteme.Google Scholar
  64. Plorin, D., Jentsch, D., Hopf, H., & Müller, E. (2015). Advanced learning factory (ALF)—Method, implementation and evaluation. In 5th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 13–18.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Preussler, A., & Baumgartner, P. (2006). Qualitätssicherung in mediengestützten Lernprozessen - sind theoretische Konstrukte messbar? In A. Sindler, C. Bremer, U. Dittler, P. Hennecke, C. Sengstag, & J. Wedekind (Eds.), Qualitätssicherung im E-Learning (pp. 73–85). Münster: Waxmann.Google Scholar
  66. Prinz, C., Morlock, F., Freith, S., Kreggenfeld, N., Kreimeier, D., & Kuhlenkötter, B. (2016). Learning factory modules for smart factories in industrie 4.0. In 6th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Leanring Factories. Procedia CIRP, 54, 113–118.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2016.05.105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. PTW, TU Darmstadt. (2017). Prozesslernfabrik CiP: Der Weg zur operativen Exzellenz. Retrieved from http://www.prozesslernfabrik.de/.
  68. Reiner, D. (2009). Methode der kompetenzorientierten Transformation zum nachhaltig schlanken Produktionssystem (Dissertation). Darmstadt. Schriftenreihe des PTW: “Innovation Fertigungstechnik”. Aachen: Shaker.Google Scholar
  69. Reiß, M. (2012). Change management: A balanced and blended approach. Norderstedt: Books on Demand.Google Scholar
  70. Rentzos, L., Doukas, M., Mavrikios, D., Mourtzis, D., & Chryssolouris, G. (2014). Integrating manufacturing education with industrial practice using teaching factory paradigm: A construction equipment application. In 47th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems. Procedia CIRP, 17, 189–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Riffelmacher, P. (2013). Konzeption einer Lernfabrik für die variantenreiche Montage (Dissertation). Stuttgart. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Produktionsforschung (Vol. 15). Stuttgart: Fraunhofer Verlag.Google Scholar
  72. Rother, M. (2009). Toyota Kata: Managing people for improvement, adaptiveness and superior results. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.Google Scholar
  73. Schermutzki, M. (2007). Lernergebnisse—Begriffe, Zusammenhänge, Umsetzung und Erfolgsermittlung: Lernergebnisse und Kompetenzvermittlung als elementare Orientierungen des Bologna-Prozesses. Aachen: Fachhochschule Aachen.Google Scholar
  74. Seitz, K.-F., & Nyhuis, P. (2015). Cyber-physical production systems combined with logistic models—A learning factory concept for an improved production planning and control. In 5th CIRP-sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia CIRP, 32, 92–97.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Seufert, S., & Euler, D. (2005). Learning Design: Gestaltung eLearning-gestützter Lernumgebungen in Hochschulen und Unternehmen. SCIL-Arbeitsbericht (Vol. 5). St. Gallen: SCIL.Google Scholar
  76. Smith, A. (2001). Return on investment in training: Research readings. Leabrook, S. Aust.: NCVER.Google Scholar
  77. Solga, M. (2011). Evaluation der Personalentwicklung. In Praxishandbuch Personalentwicklung: Instrumente, Konzepte, Beispiele (pp. 369–399). Wiesbaden: Gabler.Google Scholar
  78. Statistisches Bundesamt. (2017). Statistisches Jahrbuch 2017: Gewerbe und Dienstleistungen im Überblick. Retrieved from https://www.destatis.de/DE/Publikationen/StatistischesJahrbuch/ProdGewerbeDienstleistungen.pdf?__blob=publicationFile.
  79. Steffen, M., Frye, S., & Deuse, J. (2013a). The only source of knowledge is experience: Didaktische Konzeption und methodische Gestaltung von Lehr-Lern-Prozessen in Lernfabriken zur Aus- und Weiterbildung im Industrial Engineering. TeachING LearnING. EU. Innovationen für die Zukunft der Lehre in den Ingenieurwissenschaften, 117–129.Google Scholar
  80. Steffen, M., Frye, S., & Deuse, J. (2013b). Vielfalt Lernfabrik - Morphologie zu Betreibern, Zielgruppen und Ausstattungen von Lernfabriken im Industrial Engineering. Werkstattstechnik Online: Wt, 103(3), 233–239.Google Scholar
  81. Steffen, M., May, D., & Deuse, J. (2012). The industrial engineering laboratory: Problem based learning in industrial engineering education at TU Dortmund University. In Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON), IEEE—Collaborative Learning & New Pedagogic Approaches in Engineering Education, Marrakesch, Marokko, 17–20.04.2012 (pp. 1–10).Google Scholar
  82. Stufflebeam, D. L. (1972). Educational evaluation decision making (3rd ed.). Bloomington: PDK National Study Committee on Evaluation.Google Scholar
  83. Stuttgarter Produktionsakademie. (2017). Produktion strategisch gestalten: vom Produkt bis zur Wertschöpfungsverteilung. Retrieved from http://www.stuttgarter-produktionsakademie.de/.
  84. Tisch, M. (2018). Modellbasierte Methodik zur kompetenzorientierten Gestaltung von Lernfabriken für die schlanke Produktion (Dissertation). Darmstadt. Aachen: Shaker.Google Scholar
  85. Tisch, M., Hertle, C., Abele, E., Metternich, J., & Tenberg, R. (2015a). Learning factory design: A competency-oriented approach integrating three design levels. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 29(12), 1355–1375.  https://doi.org/10.1080/0951192X.2015.1033017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Tisch, M., Hertle, C., Cachay, J., Abele, E., Metternich, J., & Tenberg, R. (2013). A systematic approach on developing action-oriented, competency-based learning factories. In 46th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems. Procedia CIRP, 7, 580–585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Tisch, M., Hertle, C., Metternich, J., & Abele, E. (2014). Lernerfolgsmessung in Lernfabriken: Kompetenzorientierte Weiterentwicklung praxisnaher Schulungen. Industrie Management, 30(3), 39–42.Google Scholar
  88. Tisch, M., Hertle, C., Metternich, J., & Abele, E. (2015b). Goal-oriented improvement of learning factory trainings. The Learning Factory, An Annual Edition from the Network of Innovative Learning Factories, 1(1), 7–12.Google Scholar
  89. Tisch, M., & Metternich, J. (2017). Potentials and limits of learning factories in research, innovation transfer, education, and training. In 7th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Learning Factories. Procedia Manufacturing (in Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Tisch, M., Ranz, F., Abele, E., Metternich, J., & Hummel, V. (2015). Learning factory morphology: Study on form and structure of an innovative learning approach in the manufacturing domain. In TOJET, July 2015 (Special Issue 2 for International Conference on New Horizons in Education, 2015) (pp. 356–363).Google Scholar
  91. Tvenge, N., Martinsen, K., & Kolla, S. S. V. K. (2016). Combining learning factories and ICT-based situated learning. In 6th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Leanring Factories. Procedia CIRP, 54, 101–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. VDI. (1993). VDI 2221/Methodik zum Entwickeln und Konstruieren technischer Systeme und Produkte. VDI-Richtlinien. Berlin: Beuth.Google Scholar
  93. Wagner, U., AlGeddawy, T., ElMaraghy, H. A., & Müller, E. (2014). Product family design for changeable learning factories. In 47th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems. Procedia CIRP, 17, 195–200.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2014.01.119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Wagner, U., AlGeddawy, T., ElMaraghy, H. A., & Müller, E. (2015). Developing products for changeable learning factories. CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology, 9, 146–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Wank, A., Adolph, S., Anokhin, O., Arndt, A., Anderl, R., & Metternich, J. (2016). Using a learning factory approach to transfer industrie 4.0 approaches to small- and medium-sized enterprises. In 6th CIRP-Sponsored Conference on Leanring Factories. Procedia CIRP, 54, 89–94.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2016.05.068.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Zangemeister, C. (1993). Erweiterte Wirtschaftlichkeits-Analyse (EWA): Grundlagen und Leitfaden für ein “3-Stufen-Verfahren” zur Arbeitssystembewertung. Schriftenreihe der Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz Forschung (Vol. 676). Dortmund: Wirtschaftsverl. NW Verl. für Neue Wiss.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Tisch
    • 1
  • Eberhard Abele
    • 1
  • Joachim Metternich
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Production Management, Technology and Machine ToolsTechnical University of DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

Personalised recommendations