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Acoustic Wave Technology

  • Nilanjan Dey
  • Amira S. Ashour
  • Waleed S. Mohamed
  • Nhu Gia Nguyen
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Speech Technology book series (BRIEFSSPEECHTECH)

Abstract

Sound is the generalized name of the acoustic waves that have frequencies within the range of one to tens of thousands Hertz, where the maximum human hearing ability is 20 kHz. The main role of the sound sensors/transducers is to use electrical energy for creating mechanical vibrations that disturb the surrounding air to produce sound at the inaudible or audible frequencies, which requires a transmission medium. The sound waveform can be characterized by the velocity (m/s), the frequency (ƒ), and the wavelength (λ), like the electrical waveform. The sounds wave shape and frequency are determined by the vibration/origin that created the sound, while the velocity depends on the sound wave transmission. Discovery of the quartz resonator to stabilize the electronic oscillators leads to the detection of the piezoelectricity. Piezoelectricity can be defined as the electrical charges production by the mechanical stress imposition. This creates a revolution in the acoustic wave sensors and devices using a piezoelectric material for generating acoustic waves. Applying a fluctuating electric field by the piezoelectric acoustic wave sensors, a mechanical wave is created that propagates via the substrate and transformed to electric field for further measurements. This chapter reveals about the fundamentals of the acoustics with a detailed explanation of the several body acoustic sounds sources.

Keywords

Acoustics Psychoacoustics Sensing processes Heart sounds Breath sound Intestinal sound Korotkoff sounds Vascular sounds Friction rubs sounds 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nilanjan Dey
    • 1
  • Amira S. Ashour
    • 2
  • Waleed S. Mohamed
    • 3
  • Nhu Gia Nguyen
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Information TechnologyTechno India College of TechnologyKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications EngineeringFaculty of Engineering, Tanta UniversityTantaEgypt
  3. 3.Department of Internal MedicineFaculty of Medicine, Tanta UniversityTantaEgypt
  4. 4.Graduate SchoolDuy Tan UniversityDa Nang CityVietnam

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