Conclusion: The One Belt One Road in the Politics of Fear and Hope

  • Li XingEmail author
  • Paulo Duarte
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)


Li Xing and Paulo Duarte summarize the various debates on the Chinese One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative presented in each chapter and find that, although the OBOR initiative generates a mixture of hope and fear, it also resembles pragmatism and adjustment of China’s foreign policy to the requirements of domestic and international realities. The OBOR initiative reflects a multifaceted interplay of realism, liberalism, constructivism, and altruism between China and the rest of the world. It is expected that the rise of China and the principal powers of the existing world order will have to go through a considerable period of struggle, adjustment, and tension.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Culture and Global StudiesAalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark
  2. 2.Centro de Investigação em Ciência PolíticaThe University of MinhoBragaPortugal

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