Metabolic Bone Diseases

  • Miguel Botton
  • António Robalo Correia
  • Manuel Cassiano NevesEmail author
Part of the Orthopaedic Study Guide Series book series (ORTHSTUDY)


Under the spectrum of metabolic bone disease we can find multiple diseases characterized by disorders of bone strength, usually caused by abnormalities of minerals (such as calcium or phosphorus), vitamin D, bone mass, or bone structure. Osteoporosis is the most common metabolic bone disease in the developed world. It is responsible for a large impact on the society due to the consequences of low mineral density: pain and fractures in the elderly are common in an ageing population. However in children, osteopenia may overlap with many hereditary and acquired conditions of diverse etiology that lead to disturbed metabolism of the bone tissue.

Some of these processes primarily affect bone; others are secondary to nutritional deficiencies, a variety of chronic disorders, and/or treatment with some drugs.

It is fundamental for the resident in training to be familiar with the different diseases causing osteopenia since only a careful diagnosis will prevent further complications. In the next pages the most common pathologies are presented in a succinct but practical way to make it easier to recognize some diseases that are not part of the daily life of an orthopedic surgeon.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miguel Botton
    • 1
  • António Robalo Correia
    • 2
  • Manuel Cassiano Neves
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Centro Hospitalar Lisboa NorteLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryHospital José Joaquim FernandesBejaPortugal
  3. 3.Hospital CUF DescobertasLisbonPortugal

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