Organizational Participatory Research in North America

  • Paula Louise BushEmail author
  • Jeannie Haggerty
  • Carol Repchinsky
  • Michael T. Wright
  • Christine Loignon
  • Vera Granikov
  • Ann C. Macaulay
  • Jean-François Pelletier
  • Sharon Parry
  • Gillian Bartlett-Esquilant
  • Pierre Pluye


This chapter focuses on North American (NA) participatory health research (PHR), particularly with organizations. We begin by presenting the definition of PHR put forth by NA leaders in 1995 and, then, sketching the contributions of those who have led the field since, developing, promoting, and advocating for PHR in Canada and the United States. We then define PHR with health organizations, that is, organizational participatory research (OPR). The remainder of the chapter focuses on the results of a qualitative analysis of the 16 North American examples we identified in a previous systematic review of OPR, as well as on our own work. We use the sequence of a research study, from developing relationships with research partners to determining the focus of the study, analyzing the data, and examining the results, to illustrate how OPR has been conducted in North America. Subsequently, we describe the changes in knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors that have been linked to these processes. We conclude with a discussion on challenges of OPR that North Americans have faced and how they have dealt with them.


Participatory health research Organization North America Knowledge change Attitude change Behavior change 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paula Louise Bush
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jeannie Haggerty
    • 1
  • Carol Repchinsky
    • 1
  • Michael T. Wright
    • 2
  • Christine Loignon
    • 3
  • Vera Granikov
    • 1
  • Ann C. Macaulay
    • 1
    • 4
  • Jean-François Pelletier
    • 5
  • Sharon Parry
    • 6
  • Gillian Bartlett-Esquilant
    • 1
  • Pierre Pluye
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Family MedicineMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Catholic University of Applied Sciences, Institute for Social HealthBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Department of Family MedicineSherbrooke UniversityLongueuilCanada
  4. 4.CIET/Participatory Research at McGill (PRAM)MontrealCanada
  5. 5.University of Montreal Mental Health Research InstituteMontrealCanada
  6. 6.Westmount YMCAWestmountCanada

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