Anatomy, Embryology, and Pathophysiology

  • Hayley Born
  • Rebecca J. HowellEmail author


This chapter focuses on the anatomy, embryology, and pathophysiology associated with hypopharyngeal diverticula. It discusses in detail the anatomy, development, and histology of the disease process and examines current knowledge related to cricopharyngeal muscle manometry and disorders of this muscle.


Zenker’s diverticula Hypopharyngeal diverticula Manometry Embryology Cricopharyngeal muscle dysfunction Upper esophageal sphincter 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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