Economic Rationale for US Involvement in Public-Private Partnerships in International Food Safety Capacity Building
The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) places more responsibility on the private sector to ensure the safety of imported food. It also requires the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to provide international food safety capacity building on the new regulations and to monitor and evaluate those efforts. However, public resources to support programs abroad are limited. International capacity building supported by the private sector, which sometimes has its own standards that suppliers need to meet, can complement public efforts. This chapter discusses the market failures associated with food safety provision and why both the public and private sectors have been involved in international food safety capacity building. It reviews public and private sector efforts and some of the partnerships that have formed. It discusses the limitations of monitoring and evaluation efforts when relying solely on publicly available data. It argues that mobilizing public-private partnerships in monitoring and evaluation can make it easier to capture the collective impact of international food safety capacity-building efforts.
KeywordsInternational food safety capacity building Training of trainer programs Market failures Economic incentives Monitoring and impact evaluation Spillover effects Public-private partnerships
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Agricultural Research Service
Better Process Control School
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service
Foreign Agricultural Service
Food and Drug Administration
Food Safety and Inspection Service
Food Safety Modernization Act
Food Safety Preventive Controls Alliance
Foreign Supplier Verification Program
Good agricultural practices
Global Food Safety Initiative
Global Food Safety Partnership
Grocery Manufacturers Association
Good manufacturing practices
Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points
International Electrotechnical Commission
Institute of Food Technologists
Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture
- IIT IFSH
Illinois Institute of Technology’s Institute for Food Safety and Health
International Life Sciences Institute
International Standard Organization
Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
- M and E
Monitoring and evaluation
Marketing information services
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
National Association of State Departments of Agriculture
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Operational and Administrative System for Import Support
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Supply chain management
Sanitary and phytosanitary measures
Sprout Safety Alliance
United Nations Industrial Development Organization
US Agency for International Development
United States Department of Agriculture
World Health Organization
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